Eleanor of Aquitaine
|Eleanor of Aquitaine|
|Queen consort of France|
Queen consort of England
Eleanor with her youngest son, King John
|Duchess of Aquitaine|
|Reign||9 April 1137 – 1 April 1204|
|Queen consort of France|
|Tenure||1 August 1137 – 21 March 1152|
|Coronation||25 December 1137|
|Queen consort of England|
|Tenure||19 December 1154 – 6 July 1189|
|Coronation||19 December 1154|
|Marie, Countess of Champagne|
Alix, Countess of Blois
William IX, Count of Poitiers
Henry the Young King
Matilda, Duchess of Saxony
Richard I the Lionheart, King of the English
Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany
Leonora, Queen of Castile
Joan, Queen of Sicily
John Lackland, King of England
|House||House of Poitiers|
|Father||William X, Duke of Aquitaine|
|Mother||Aenor de Châtellerault|
Eleanor of Aquitaine (c. 1122 – March 31, 1204) was the daughter of William X of Aquitaine. She had a younger sister called Petronilla of Aquitaine. She brought the province of Aquitaine to England when she married Henry II of England. It stayed under English control for 300 years.
Life[change | change source]
Eleanor inherited land in France at the age of 15. She married Louis VII of France on July 22, 1137, and had two daughters:
Eleanor then married Henry II of England on May 18, 1152, and had eight children, including:
- Guilhem who died at the age of 3.
- Henry the Young King
- Richard I of England
- John I of England
- Matilda of England
- Joan/Joanna of England
- Eleanor of England
Eleanor was greatly known for her work in the Second Crusade, for she inspired many people to join.
Eleanor supported a revolt by her children against their father's rule in 1173. This revolt was unsuccessful, and King Henry II was so furious that he locked her away in a prison. In 1189, after King Henry II died and her son, Richard, came to be the king, Eleanor was freed. Shortly after, Richard died so she supported her son John to take the English throne against the claim of her grandson Arthur of Brittany. In 1202 during the campaign at Mairebeau, she continued to thwart Arthur. Emerging triumphant, Eleanor retired to a monastery. She died there on April 1, 1204.
References[change | change source]
- "Eleanor of Aquitaine." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography In Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
- "Eleanor of Aquitaine." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
- "Eleanor of Aquitaine." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Eleanor of Aquitaine at Wikimedia Commons