Endive (Chicorium endivia) is a leafy plant of the family Asteraceae. The plants are either annual, or they live for two years. Originally, these plants grew in the countries around the Mediterranean. There are many varieties, but they can be split into two groups
- the curly-leaved. or narrow-leaved endive
- Batavian or broad-leaved endive
Since Antiquity, these plants have been used to make salads. Sometimes they are cooked, and prepared similar to spinach or chard.