English as a second language
- ESL, which means "English as a Second Language". This is most often used in a country where English is the primary language
- EFL, which means "English as a Foreign Language". This is most often used in a country where English is not the primary language
- EAL, which means "English as an Additional Language". This is seldom used.
- ESOL, which means "English for Speakers of Other Languages". This is rare.
Each of these acronyms means roughly the same thing. In each, the learners already have another native or "mother" language, and they want or a required to learn English as a primary or secondary language.
History[change | change source]
The teaching of English as a second language has a long history. For example, the official introduction of English into India's education system began in 1835.
Use[change | change source]
English as a second language is the single most popular language subject in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and French. Many people study English as a foreign language, for better opportunities in fields of business and in belief that it can lead to personal success. Materials for education are only widely accessible through English language thus in education it has an importance. There is also a popular belief that English is the only way into technological capitalism or modernity. Standardized English, itself differs per each country, because of the language habits interwoven with the syntactic forms. To further complicate things, the English grammar is based on the dead language, Latin which in the first place has no relation to English. The standardized English is terrible in a level were, a noun is a noun or a verb is a verb because grammarians say they are. For e.g. In "I am suffering terribly" suffering is the verb, but in "My suffering is terrible", it is a noun. But both sentences expresses the same idea using the same words. Hence, English speaking countries get in front of regulating way ins of people to an English speaking community by influencing policies. Popular ones are IELTS by British Council and IDP, TOEFL by Educational Testing Service. These are the newer forms of institutions that follow Dryden's School of thought. BBC Learning English is a publicly accessible online resource provided by the Crown that doesn't have a paywall to support enthusiasts who desire learning the language and the associated culture.
Testing[change | change source]
There are many English exams. These English exams are for consumers who want to ascertain their language ability in form of a certificate, even if they had done studies entirely in English. It is difficult to compare different English exams due to the different skills they look for assessments. Testing English as a foreign language provides insights into this information.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Vyas, Manish A. and Yogesh L. Patel. (2009). Teaching English as a second language: a new pedagogy for a new century, p. 396.