Euphrates

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Euphrates
Tigr-euph.png
Map of the Tigris-Euphrates Watershed
Location
CountriesTurkey, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationEastern Turkey
 - elevation4,500 m
MouthShatt al Arab
Length2,800 km
Basin size765,831 km²
Discharge 
 - average818 m³/s

The Euphrates is the western of the two rivers that define the borders of Mesopotamia. The other is the Tigris, which joins the Euphrates to form the Shatt-al-Arab and flow into the Persian Gulf. Several dams have been built since the 1970s. As a result, less water flows down the river into the sea.