Fez (hat)

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A fez

The fez (Turkish: fes, plural fezzes or fezes from Arabic "Fas" the main town in Morocco before 1927),[1] as well as its equivalent, the tarboosh (Arabic: طربوش ṭarbūsh), is a felt hat.

There are two types: One is a cone with a flat top, made of red felt. The other is a short cylinder made of kilim fabric. Both usually have a tassel attached to the top. The tarboosh and the modern fez, which is similar, owe much of their development and popularity to the Ottoman era.[2][3]

In 1925, the fez was banned in Turkey by the President, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.[4] Since 1925, the fez is not a part of Turkish men's clothing.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Fez" (online ed.). Merriam-Webster..
  2. Amphlett, Hilda (2003). Hats: a history of fashion in headwear. Mineola, New York: Courier Dover..
  3. Kaya, Ibrahim (2004). Social theory and later modernities: the Turkish experience. Liverpool, England: Liverpool University Press. p. 119..
  4. Deringil, Selim (January 1993). "The Invention of Tradition as Public Image in the Late Ottoman Empire, 1808 to 1908". Comparative Studies in Society and History. 35 (1): 9. doi:10.1017/S0010417500018247. S2CID 145056061.