Flensburg

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Flensburg
Bird's eye view of the city.
Bird's eye view of the city.
Coat of arms of Flensburg
Map of Germany, Position of Flensburg highlighted
Coordinates 54°46′55″N 09°26′12″E / 54.78194°N 9.43667°E / 54.78194; 9.43667
Administration
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Urban district
Town subdivisions 16 Stadtbezirke
Lord Mayor Simon Faber (SSW)
Basic statistics
Area 56.38 km2 (21.77 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m  (39 ft)
Population 83,971  (31 December 2013)
 - Density 1,489 /km2 (3,857 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate FL
Postal codes 24901 – 24944
Area code 0461
Website www.flensburg.de

Flensburg (Danish: Flensborg, Low Saxon: Flensborg, North Frisian: Flansborj) is a city in Germany, next to the border to Denmark. There are about 84,000 people living in Flensburg. The city has a university and a small marine harbour. It lives on tourism, students and the German marine forces.

History[change | change source]

There was a first settlement about 1200 A.D., which became a city in 1284. In the following century, Flensburg became the economic centre of the Duchy of Schleswig. In 1409 there were battles between people of the Duchy of Holstein and the Danish crown about the control of Schleswig. In 1412 and 1500 there were bad plagues in Flensburg. In 1485, there was a big fire in the city.

Between 1460 and 1864 Flensburg was the second most important harbour in Denmark after Copenhagen. Since the 16th century Flensburg was an important place for trade. Flensburg became part of Prussia in 1864, after the Danish-Pussian War.

In 1920, there was an election in Schleswig. The vote was to decide whether people wanted to belong to Denmark or Germany. Flensburg and regions south of the city decided to stay German, while regions north of the city chose to become Danish.

In 1945, many Germans were driven out of their homes in the eastern German provinces. These people went to Flensburg. The city had more than 100,000 inhabitants for a couple of years. Nowadays Flensburg has about 85,000 inhabitants.