Flute

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Flute

The Flute is a musical instrument.[1] A person who plays a flute is called a flautist.

There are many kinds of flutes.[2] The most common concert flute is on C tuning. In addition, there are other flutes like piccolos, alto flutes, and bass flutes.

History[change | edit source]

Flutes have changed over time. The first flute was a primitive one which was named "Renaissance flute". In Baroque age 'flute' means recorder, so flute was called traverso in order not to confuse them. Boehm reformed past flute largely to enlarge the volume and improve the way of using the chromatic scale. After that some improvement has added and that is the modern flute.

There is a large repertoire of music for the flute. Baroque composers used them in their orchestras, usually in pairs, and composed concertos, chamber music and solo music for them. This has continued to the present day. Orchestras have at least 2 flutes each, sometimes three or four. Sometimes there is 1 piccolo which plays an octave higher, or an alto flute which plays a fifth lower than the flute.

The flute sounds very bright and cheerful playing high notes. Please listen, for example, to the Badinerie from Bach's Orchestral Suite no 2. It can also sound very thoughtful or sad when playing in its lowest register. A good example is the opening of Debussy's Prélude à l'après midi d'un faune.

Playing[change | edit source]

Flutes can give microtonal music by using special fingering. Flute has many variation of the sound.

Flute is one of the woodwind instruments, but flute is made of metal. It was made of wood a long ago, and it doesn't need lip's vibration like brass instruments. Flute players hold it flat, and make a sound by blowing their breath over the edge of the hole of flute's head. It sounds thanks to the vibration of air. Although, flutes need the second most amount of air for an instrument, next to the tuba. Flautists can change the pitch by pushing buttons or changing the direction of the breath. These buttons are called keys. The breath also can change the tone or the volume. The sound of flute is high, so composers often express it as a bird. And a flute matches with many instrument like violin and piano. Flute is a key instrument in many ensembles.

Material[change | edit source]

There are many kinds of flute, so the material also varies.[2] Most flutes are made of silver. Gold, platinum, and wood are also used. The price of flute depends on the material, but there are many different playing situations, so not only expensive flutes are useful.

Kinds of flute[change | edit source]

Flutes of India and China[change | edit source]

The oldest kind of side-blown flute was made in India. In India, a flute called bansuri is used. It has no keys and is often made of bamboo or cane.

In China, a simple flute is used, which has no keys. The Chinese flute sometimes has a thin piece of paper over one hole, which adds a bright raspiness to the sound.

Other flutes[change | edit source]

There are other kinds of flute that are played by blowing into the end, like a recorder. Some of these are tin whistle, flageolet, tabor pipe, and ocarina.

In Japan there is a kind of flute called a shakuhachi, which is made from the bottom of a bamboo plant. It is blown at the end, but is not like the recorder because it does not have an opening that guides the air across a hole that makes the sound.

In South America, there is a flute called a quena that makes its sound the same way as the shakuhachi.

The Pan pipes are a form of flute with no holes. It has more than one pipe connected together, with the bottom closed. The player blows across the top of one of the pipes to make a note. The pipes are in different sizes, so that each one makes a different note. They are named after Pan, who played this instrument in Greek myth.

Gallery[change | edit source]

There are flutes in many cultures. The flute has been described as "a musical weed which springs up everywhere".[3]


Famous Flutists[change | edit source]

The band Jethro Tull features a flute player in many songs. One of which is the hit Locomotive Breath.

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Toff, Nancy. (1996). The Flute Book: A Complete Guide for Students and Performers, p. 3.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Sugita.co.jp, フルートの選び方 (Choice of flute); retrieved 2012-6-19.
  3. "Music in England in the Nineteenth Century," Musical Times, January 1, 1901; "New Publications," Athenaeum, May 3, 1834; retrieved 2012-6-13.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Flutes at Wikimedia Commons

Wikisource-logo.svg
Wikisource has original 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica text related to: