François Duvalier

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François Duvalier
François Duvalier (cropped).jpg
Duvalier in 1968
32nd President of Haiti
In office
22 October 1957 – 21 April 1971
Preceded byAntonio Thrasybule Kébreau (Chairman of the Military Council)
Succeeded byJean-Claude Duvalier
Minister of Public Health and Labor
In office
14 October 1949 – 10 May 1950
PresidentDumarsais Estimé
Preceded byAntonio Vieux (Public Health)
Louis Bazin (Labor)
Succeeded byJoseph Loubeau (Public Health)
Emile Saint-Lot (Labor)
Undersecretary of Labor
In office
26 November 1948 – 14 October 1949
PresidentDumarsais Estimé
Personal details
Born(1907-04-14)14 April 1907
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Died21 April 1971(1971-04-21) (aged 64)
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Political partyNational Unity Party[1][2]
Simone Duvalier (m. 1939)
ChildrenMarie‑Denise Duvalier
Nicole Duvalier
Simone Duvalier
Jean-Claude Duvalier
Alma materUniversity of Haiti (MD)

François Duvalier (14 April 1907 – 21 April 1971), known as "Papa Doc" because he was once a doctor, was the President (dictator) and Head of State of Haiti from 1957 until his death.[3] He was excommunicated from the Catholic Church for expelling foreign-born bishops.

Like many rulers of Haiti, he was called "President for Life". His widow was Simone Duvalier. When he died their son, Jean-Claude Duvalier, called "Baby Doc", became President.[3]

He was born and died at Port-au-Prince, Haiti. He died of diabetes and heart disease.

References[change | change source]

  1. Fatton, Robert, Jr. (2013). "Michel-Rolph Trouillot's State Against Nation: A Critique of the Totalitarian Paradigm". Small Axe. 17 (3&#8239, 42): 208. doi:10.1215/07990537-2379009. ISSN 1534-6714. In 1963, Duvalier created the Parti de l'unité nationale—PUN (National Unity Party)—to constitute a single-party system. . . . the existence of a single party as one of the defining characteristics of the totalitarian nature of Duvalierism . . . the party had a thoroughly inconsequential role in the Duvalierist system.
  2. Lacey, Marc (23 March 2008). "Haiti's Poverty Stirs Nostalgia for Old Ghosts". New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 14 September 2015.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "François Duvalier Biography". Retrieved 4 January 2011.