Fred Hoyle

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Statue of Fred Hoyle in Institute of Astronomy

Sir Fred Hoyle (24 June 1915 – 20 August 2001) was an English astronomer. He is noted mainly for being the first man to think of the idea that nuclear fusion might happen in stars, like our Sun. In addition to his work as an astronomer, Hoyle was a writer of science fiction, including a number of books co-written with his son Geoffrey Hoyle. Fred Hoyle gave the Big Bang theory its name in a radio broadcast.


  • Fellow of the Royal Society (March, 1957) [27]
  • Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1968)
  • Bakerian Lecture (1968)
  • Bruce Medal (1970)
  • Henry Norris Russell Lectureship (1971)
  • Jansky Lectureship before the National Radio Astronomy Observatory
  • Knighthood (1972)
  • President of the Royal Astronomical Society (1971–1973)
  • Royal Medal (1974)
  • Klumpke-Roberts Award of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (1977)
  • Balzan Prize for Astrophysics: evolution of stars (1994, with Martin Schwarzschild)
  • Crafoord Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, with Edwin Salpeter (1997)

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