Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette

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Gilbert du Motier
Marquis of La Fayette
Gilbert du Motier Marquis de Lafayette.jpg
Spouse(s) Marie Adrienne de Noailles
Issue
Henriette
Anastasie, Countess of La Tour Maubourg
Georges Washington
Marie Antoinette, Marquise of Lasteyrie.
Full name
Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier
Father Marie Louise Jolie de La Rivière
Mother Louis Christophe du Motier
Born (1757-09-06)6 September 1757
Château de Chavaniac, France
Died 20 May 1834(1834-05-20) (aged 76)
Paris, France

Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert; 6 September 1757 – 20 May 1834) was a French artistocrat, politician and Liberal thinker. His name is also spelled Lafayette. He believed in Enlightenment, and played an important role both in the American War of Independence and the French Revolution.[1] In 1789, he presented a draft of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. He worked on the document with Thomas Jefferson who was the American ambassador in Paris, at the time.

Birth and family[change | change source]

Gilbert du Motier was born at the "château de Chavaniac" in southern France. His father "Louis Christophe du Motier" was Marquis of La Fayette in his own right. His mother was Marie Louise Jolie de La Rivière. She was from an aristocratic family from the north part of France.

Children[change | change source]

  1. Adrienne Henriette Catherine Charlotte du Motier (Hôtel de Noailles 15 December 1775- Paris 3 October 1777) died young.[2]
  2. Anastasie Louise Pauline Motier du Motier (Paris 1 July 1777 - Turin 24 February 1863, Turin) married Jules César Charles de Fay, Count of La Tour Maubourg.
  3. George Washington Louis Gilbert du Motier (24 December 1779 - 29 November 1849) died childless but married Émilie d'Estutt de Tracy.
  4. Marie Antoinette Virginie du Motier (17 September 1782 - 23 July 1849) married Louis de Lasteyrie du Saillant, Marquis of Lasteyrie.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Gregory Payan, Marquis de Lafayette: French Hero of the American Revolution (New York: PowerPlus Books, 2002), pp. 5–6
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Adrienne de Noailles, Marquise de La Fayette". This is Versailles. 23. september 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2015. Check date values in: |date= (help)