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Government of Ghana

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Government of Ghana
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Ghana

Flagstaff House is the official residence and presidential palace.
Government overview
FormedFounder's Day
67 years, 4 months
Republic Day
64 years
1992 Constitution
32 years, 2 months
JurisdictionRepublic of Ghana
HeadquartersAccra, Greater Accra Ghana
Government executives

Ghana used to be ruled by a military government. In 1992, Ghana allowed its citizens to elect its leaders, and in 1993, Ghana became a parliamentary democracy known as the Fourth Republic. The 1992 constitution splits powers between a president, parliament, cabinet, council of state, and an independent national court.

Anyone can vote in Ghana, regardless of their gender, race, background, money, and so on.[1]


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Political parties became legal in Ghana in 1992. Right now, there are 20 political parties. The two most dominant ones are the National Democratic Congress and the New Patriotic Party.

The National Democratic Congress won elections in 1992, 1996, 2008 and 2012. The New Patriotic Party won elections in 2000, 2004, and 2016.[2]

Relations to other countries

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Ghana has believed in the non-aligned movement, meaning that it does not form official relationships with other countries. However, Ghana prefers to cooperate with other countries.

Ghana is a member of the United Nations and the African Union.[3] Many people from Ghana serve as diplomats for those kinds of groups.

There are ten regions of the Republic of Ghana which are divided into 6 metropolitan assemblies, 55 Municipal assemblies, and 216 districts.[4]


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  1. "Government and Politics". A Country Study: Ghana (La Verle Berry, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (November 1994). (Note: This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.) Lcweb2.loc.gov.
  2. "Electoral Commission of Ghana". www.ec.gov.gh. Retrieved 2018-02-27.
  3. "Official page of Nations Permanent Mission of Ghana to the United Nations". Author: un.int. United Nations. 20 September 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  4. "Ghana at a glance". ghana.gov.gh. Government of Ghana. Retrieved 1 June 2013.