Greek junta

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The symbol of the Greek Junta, showing the Phoenix

The Greek junta or Regime of the Colonels[a] was a right-wing military dictatorship that controlled Greece from 1967 to 1974. On 21 April 1967, a group of colonels removed the caretaker government a month before elections that Georgios Papandreou and his political party, Centre Union, would probably win.[1]

The dictatorship was anti-communist[2] and it restricted civil liberties. It put many people to jail and tortured them.[3] Many of the dictators' political enemies were sent into exile.[4]

From 1967 to 1973, the junta's leader was Georgios Papadopoulos.[5] From 1973 to 24 July 1974, Dimitrios Ioannidis was its leader. He lost control of the Greek state after the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.[6]

When the junta lost, the Metapolitefsi (Greek: Μεταπολίτευση, meaning "regime change") started. Greece's political system changed to democracy and the Third Hellenic Republic began.[7] It has been said that the junta was very much influenced by the CIA.[8][9][10][11][12]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Greek: καθεστώς των Συνταγματαρχών, romanizedkathestós ton Syntagmatarchón, IPA: [kaθesˈtos ton sindaɣmatarˈxon]. Also known within Greece as just the Junta (Greek: η Χούντα, romanized: i Choúnta, IPA: [i ˈxunda]), the Dictatorship (Greek: η Δικτατορία, romanized: i Diktatoría, IPA: [i ðiktatoˈri.a]) or the Seven Years (Greek: η Επταετία, romanized: i Eptaetía, IPA: [i eptaeˈti.a]).[source?]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Democracy at Gunpoint | U-M LSA U-M College of LSA". Retrieved 2024-01-03.
  2. Featherstone, Kevin; Sotiropoulos, Dimitri A. (2020-09-15). The Oxford Handbook of Modern Greek Politics. Oxford University Press. p. 217. ISBN 978-0-19-882510-4.
  3. Jr, Anthony F. Lang; Beattie, Amanda Russell (2008-10-27). War, Torture and Terrorism: Rethinking the Rules of International Security. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-134-03868-8.
  4. Karakatsanis, Leonidas; Papadogiannis, Nikolaos (2017-03-27). The Politics of Culture in Turkey, Greece & Cyprus: Performing the Left Since the Sixties. Taylor & Francis. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-317-42821-3.
  5. Clogg, Richard (1999-06-28). "Georgios Papadopoulos". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2024-01-03.
  6. "Former dictator Ioannidis dies at 87 |". 2010-08-17. Retrieved 2024-01-03.
  7. Featherstone, Kevin; Sotiropoulos, Dimitri A. (2020-09-15). The Oxford Handbook of Modern Greek Politics. Oxford University Press. pp. 155, 241. ISBN 978-0-19-882510-4.
  8. Drew, Elizabeth B. (1968-07-01). "Democracy on Ice: A Study of American Policy Toward Dictatorship in Greece". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2024-01-03.
  9. Hitchens, Christopher (2001-02-26). "A nation betrayed". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2024-01-03.
  10. Graff, Garrett M. (2023-02-14). Watergate: A New History. Simon and Schuster. p. 175. ISBN 978-1-9821-3917-9.
  11. Cassia, Paul Sant (2005-05-01). Bodies of Evidence: Burial, Memory and the Recovery of Missing Persons in Cyprus. Berghahn Books. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-80073-507-1.
  12. Polymeropoulos, Marc E. (2021-06-08). Clarity in Crisis: Leadership Lessons from the CIA. HarperCollins Leadership. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-4002-2387-9.

Other websites[change | change source]