Grime (music)

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Grime
Stylistic originsUK garage, dancehall, hold, drum and bass, jungle, soca, 2-step garage, hip house, electro, hip hop, R&B, Ragga
Cultural originsEarly 2000s,
Bow, East London, Limehouse, Waltham Forest, Newham
Typical instrumentsEmceeing, toasting, rapping, music sequencer, digital audio workstation, turntables
Mainstream popularityUnderground with some chart success in the early 2000s and mainstream success from mid to late 2010s
Subgenres

Grime is a genre of electronic music that first began in London in the early 2000s[5][6]. The genre evolved out of UK garage and is influenced by drum and bass, dancehall, ragga, and hip hop.[7][8] Grime music can generally be defined by the beats per minute, generally around 130-145 BPM, and its aggressive electronic sound.[9] Rapping is also an important part of grime.

Pirate radios (illegal radio stations) were important in the early days of grime, as they were the only places that would play the genre before it was able to gain mainstream attention in the UK during the mid-2000s. Early important musicians would be Dizzee Rascal, Kano, Lethal Bizzle, and Wiley. Other important musicians include; P Money, Ghetts, Jme, Skepta, Stormzy and grime groups such as Boy Better Know, Newham Generals, Roll Deep, and Ruff Sqwad.[10][11][12][13][14][15] In the mid-2010s, grime started to gain attention in Australia. The genre has been described as the "most significant musical development within the UK for decades."[16]

History[change | change source]

Origins[change | change source]

Grime began in the early 2000s in London. Early pirate radio stations (illegal radio stations) helped spread grime, such as Rinse FM[17], Deja Vu FM, Major FM, Freeze 92.7 and Raw Mission. The illegal radio stations were the first to play and promote grime music. At the time, grime did not have a standard name, with many different names being used instead, such as 8-bar, nu shape, sublow, and eskibeat. These names were used to describe a new sound that was developing out of UK garage, drifting away from its house music influences and instead drifting towards darker themes and sounds.

Among the first songs to be called "grime" were "Eskimo", "Ice Rink", and "Igloo" by Wiley, "Pulse X" by Musical Mob, and "Creeper" by Danny Weed.[18]

"Grime" was named by journalists who originally defined the genre as "grimy", due to its gritty and dark sound, which subsequently became "grime".[19]

Development[change | change source]

Dizzee Rascal, Wiley, Kano, and Lethal Bizzle were among the first grime musicians to gain mainstream media attention in 2003-2004. Their albums Boy in da Corner, Treddin' on Thin Ice, Home Sweet Home, and Against All Oddz were the first to gain popularity. Dizzee Rascal gained a lot of acclaim and commercial success with his album Boy in da Corner. In 2003, Dizzee Rascal was able to win the Mercury Music Prize because of the album.[20] However, many other grime musicians were not able to gain mainstream popularity. To help advertise lesser-known musicians, Jammer (from the group Boy Better Know) created Lord of the Mics in 2004. Lord of the MIcs was a yearly DVD series, which provided a platform for lesser-known musicians to promote themselves. The musicians on Lord of the Mics showcased their talents by competing in battle raps (also called "clashing"). The DVD also contained interviews with grime musicians.[21] The DVD was at first sold by Jammer himself, but he was later able to sell it via ukrecordshop.com which helped the DVD rise in popularity. The DVD helped many lesser-known grime artists gain popularity, and also helped grime gain a fanbase on the internet.[22] Before the DVD, many grime artists only gained fans by performing live in pirate radio (illegal radio stations).[22]

International growth[change | change source]

The 2005 release of 679 Recordings' Run the Road compilation, showcased some of the most popular grime releases to that point, increasing the popularity and fame of grime and grime artists internationally. A particularly notable grime artist who has had success overseas is Lady Sovereign, who reached #1 on MTV's TRL, appeared on Late Show with David Letterman, and is now signed to Jay-Z's Roc-A-Fella Records.

References[change | change source]

  1. ""An Idiot's Guide To EDM Genres"".
  2. ""HERITAGE: DARKSIDE PIONEER AND COLD BLOODED MEMBER TERMINATOR DELIVERS A BRUTAL PHTV FREESTYLE (2007)"".
  3. ""Terror Danjah links grime's past and its future"".
  4. ""Midnight Moment"".
  5. "What Does wagwan Mean? | Slang by Dictionary.com". Everything After Z by Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  6. "An Idiot's Guide to EDM GenresGrime". Complex. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  7. McKinnon, Matthew (5 May 2005). "Grime Wave". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 January 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  8. "Hip-Hop Or Dancehall? Breaking Down The Grime Scene's Roots". Complex UK. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  9. "Garage rap/Grime overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  10. "Waifer, grime's great lost producer, is back on the beats - FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music". 16 July 2012.
  11. "Grime Crews - Collectives of Grime artists, Grime producers and more".
  12. "SLEW DEM MAFIA - DJ BPM - Resonance 104.4 FM 13 Sept 2016".
  13. "The A-Z of grime with Logan Sama".
  14. "Gone To A Rave #55: Essentials, South London's Grime Kings".
  15. Collins, Hattie; Rose, Olivia (2016-09-08). This Is Grime. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 9781473639294.
  16. "Academic study finds grime as 'disruptive and powerful' as punk". BBC. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  17. Campion, Chris (23 May 2004). "Inside grime". Observer Music Monthly. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 26 July 2009.
  18. Harvell, Jess (21 March 2005). "They Don't Know". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  19. Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (1 June 2018). "'You can't escape its inspiration': inside the true history of grime". the Guardian. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  20. McKinnon, Matthew (5 May 2005). "Grime Wave". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 January 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  21. GIBBINS, PAUL. "How A DVD Series Helped Shape A Decade Of Grime Culture". The FADER.
  22. 22.0 22.1 British GQ (2016-07-26), The Business Of Grime: Full Documentary I British GQ, retrieved 2017-09-19

Other websites[change | change source]