Hepatitis E

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Hepatitis E is inflammation of the liver caused by infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV);[1][2] it is a type of viral hepatitis.[3]

Hepatitis E has mainly a fecal-oral transmission that is similar to hepatitis A, but the viruses are unrelated.[4][5][6]

The earliest known epidemic of hepatitis E happened in 1955 in New Delhi,[7] but the virus was not discovered until 1983, by Russian scientists investigating an outbreak in Afghanistan.[8]

One of five known human hepatitis viruses: hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Hepatitis E: Background, Etiopathophysiology, Epidemiology". medscape.com. Medscape. 2019.
  2. Kamar, Nassim; Dalton, Harry R.; Abravanel, Florence; Izopet, Jacques (2014). "Hepatitis E Virus Infection". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 27 (1): 116–138. doi:10.1128/CMR.00057-13. ISSN 0893-8512. PMC 3910910. PMID 24396139.
  3. "Hepatitis (Viral) NIDDK". The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
  4. "What is hepatitis?". www.who.int. WHO. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  5. "Hepatitis E". www.who.int. WHO. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  6. Weston, Debbie; Burgess, Alison; Roberts, Sue (2016). Infection Prevention and Control at a Glance. John Wiley & Sons. p. 12. ISBN 9781118973554.
  7. Kumar, Subrat; Subhadra, Subhra; Singh, Bhupinder; Panda, B.K. (April 2013). "Hepatitis E virus: the current scenario". International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 17 (4): e228–e233. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2012.11.026. ISSN 1201-9712. PMID 23313154.
  8. Izopet, Jacques; Abravanel, Florence; Dalton, Harry R.; Kamar, Nassim (1 January 2014). "Hepatitis E Virus Infection". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 27 (1): 116–138. doi:10.1128/CMR.00057-13. ISSN 0893-8512. PMC 3910910. PMID 24396139.