Hmong people

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Hmong
赫蒙族/苗族/𖬌𖬣𖬵
Hmong women at Coc Ly market, Sapa, Vietnam.jpg
Flower Hmong women in traditional dress at the market in Bắc Hà, Vietnam
Total population
14 to 15 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 China ~9.4 million [2][3]
 Vietnam 1,068,189 (2009)[4]
 Laos 595,028 (2015)
 United States 260,073 (2010)[5]
 Thailand 250,070 (2015)
 Australia 2,190[6]
 France (French Guiana) 2,000[7]
 Canada 805[8]
Languages
Hmong
Religion
Hmong folk religion, Buddhism, Christianity

The words Hmong and Mong refer to an Asian ethnic group. Their homeland is in China, especially along the Yangtze and Yellow river. In the 18th century, Hmong people started moving to other Southeast Asian countries. Today, they live in all of China, northern Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar. In 1975, communists took over Laos. After they took over, many Hmong people moved to the United States, Australia, France, French Guiana, and Canada. Hmong people divide themselves into the White Hmong, the Green Hmong, and other smaller groups.

History[change | change source]

Hmong people have been living in southern China for at least 2,000 years.

From 1919 to 1921, the Hmong people were involved a war. The French called this war the War of the Insane.

From 1962 to 1975, the Hmong people were involved in the Laotian Civil War, also known as the Secret War.

Geography[change | change source]

China has the largest population of Hmong people with 3 million Hmong people. Vietnam has 787,600 Hmong people, Laos has 320,000 Hmong people, and Thailand has 150,000 Hmong people. Some Hmong people live in Myanmar.

Outside of Asia, the United States has the most Hmong people; it has 186,310 Hmong people. France has 15,000 Hmong people, Australia has 2,000 Hmong people, and French Guiana has 1,500 Hmong people. Canada and Argentina have a total of 600 Hmong people.

References[change | change source]

  1. Lemoine, Jacques (2005). "What is the actual number of (H)mong in the world?". Hmong Studies Journal 6. http://www.hmongstudies.org/LemoineHSJ6.pdf. 
  2. Actual number is in dispute, as Hmong people are lumped together with related peoples to form a super-ethnicity - the Miao. Many Hmong find this term offensive.
  3. "Hmong people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  4. "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 134. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  5. "American FactFinder". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  6. "ABS Census – ethnicity". Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  7. "Hmong's new lives in Caribbean". 2004-03-10. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  8. Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census". 

Other websites[change | change source]