|Flower Mong in traditional dress at the market in Bac Ha, Vietnam|
4 to 5 million
|Regions with significant populations|
|Shamanism, Buddhism, Christianity, others|
The words Hmong and Mong refer to an Asian ethnic group. Their homeland is southern China. In the 18th century, Hmong people started moving to other Southeast Asian countries. Today, they live in northern Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar. In 1975, communists took over Laos. After they took over, many Hmong people moved to the United States, Australia, France, French Guiana, and Canada. Hmong people divide themselves into the White Hmong, the Green Hmong, and other smaller groups.
History[change | change source]
Hmong people have been living in southern China for at least 2,000 years.
From 1919 to 1921, the Hmong people were involved a war. The French called this war the War of the Insane.
From 1962 to 1975, the Hmong people were involved in the Laotian Civil War, also known as the Secret War.
Geography[change | change source]
China has the largest population of Hmong people with 3 million Hmong people. Vietnam has 787,600 Hmong people, Laos has 320,000 Hmong people, and Thailand has 150,000 Hmong people. Some Hmong people live in Myanmar.
Outside of Asia, the United States has the most Hmong people; it has 186,310 Hmong people. France has 15,000 Hmong people, Australia has 2,000 Hmong people, and French Guiana has 1,500 Hmong people. Canada and Argentina have a total of 600 Hmong people.