Coordinates: 42°25′N 77°15′E / 42.417°N 77.250°E / 42.417; 77.250
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Southern shore of Issyk-Kul, 2005
Location of Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan.
Location of Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan.
Location of Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan.
Location of Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan.
Issyk-Kul from space, September 1992
Coordinates42°25′N 77°15′E / 42.417°N 77.250°E / 42.417; 77.250
Lake typeAncient lake, Endorheic
Mountain lake
Primary inflowsGlaciers
Primary outflowsEvaporation
Catchment area15,844 square kilometres (6,117 sq mi)
Basin countriesKyrgyzstan
Max. length178 kilometres (111 mi)[1]
Max. width60.1 kilometres (37.3 mi)[1]
Surface area6,236 square kilometres (2,408 sq mi)[1]
Average depth278.4 metres (913 ft)[1]
Max. depth668 metres (2,192 ft)[1][2]
Water volume1,736 cubic kilometres (416 cu mi)[3][2]
Residence time~330 years[2]
Shore length1669 kilometres (416 mi)[1]
Surface elevation1,607 metres (5,272 ft)[1]
SettlementsBalykchy, Cholpon-Ata, Karakol
Official nameThe Issyk-kul State Nature Reserve with the Issyk-kul Lake
Designated12 November 2002
Reference no.1231[4]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Issyk-Kul (also Ysyk-Köl, Kyrgyz: Ысык-Көл, romanized: Ysyk-Köl, lit.'warm lake' is an endorheic saline lake in the western Tianshan Mountains in eastern Kyrgyzstan. It is just south of a dividing range separating Kyrgyzstan from Kazakhstan. It is the seventh-deepest lake in the world, the tenth-biggest lake in the world by volume (though not in surface area) and the third-biggest saline lake. Issyk-Kul means "warm lake" in the Kyrgyz language. This is because even though the area it is in gets very cold during winter, the salinity of the lake makes it rarely freeze.[5][6]

The lake is a Ramsar site of globally significant biodiversity.[7] It is also part of the Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserve.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Savvaitova, K.; Petr, T. (December 1992), "Lake Issyk-Kul, Kirgizia", International Journal of Salt Lake Research, 1 (2): 21–46, doi:10.1007/BF02904361
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Hofer, Markus; Peeters, Frank; Aeschbach-Hertig, Werner; Brennwald, Matthias; Holocher, Johannes; Livingstone, David M.; Romanovski, Vladimir; Kipfer, Rolf (11 July 2002), "Rapid deep-water renewal in Lake Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan) indicated by transient tracers", Limnology and Oceanography, 4 (47): 1210–1216, doi:10.4319/lo.2002.47.4.1210
  3. Kodayev, G.V. (1973), "Морфометрия озера Иссык-Куль" [Morphometry of Lake Issyk-Kul], News of the All-Union Geographic Society (Izvestiya VGO) (in Russian)
  4. "The Issyk-kul State Nature Reserve with the Issyk-kul Lake". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  5. Nihoul, Jacques C.J.; Zavialov, Peter O.; Micklin, Philip P. (2012). Dying and Dead Seas Climatic Versus Anthropic Causes. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 21. ISBN 9789400709676. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  6. "Extreme cold weather freezes Issyk-Kul lake | Copernicus". Retrieved 2023-06-10.
  7. Ramsar Site RDB Code 2KG001