Jaipur

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Jaipur

जयपुर
جائي پور

Pink city
Metropolitan City
Clockwise from top: Jal Mahal, Lakshmi-Narayan Temple, Albert Hall, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar
Clockwise from top: Jal Mahal, Lakshmi-Narayan Temple, Albert Hall, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar
Nickname(s): 
The Pink City
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictJaipur
SettledNovember 18, 1727
Founded byMaharaja Ram Seo Master II
Named forMaharaja Swai Jai Singh II
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • MayorJyoti Khandelwal (INC)
 • Police commissionerBabu lal soni
Area
 • Metropolitan City111.8 km2 (43.2 sq mi)
Elevation
431 m (1,414 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Metropolitan City3,073,350(10th India)
 • Density598/km2 (1,550/sq mi)
 • Urban
3,499,204
 • Rural
3,164,767
 • Metro rank
10th IN
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Pincode(s)
302 0xx
Area code(s)91141-XXXX XXXX
Vehicle registrationRJ-14
Spoken languagesHindi, Rajasthani, Punjabi
Primary AirportJaipur International Airport (Major/International)
Websitewww.jaipur.nic.in

Jaipur /ˈpʊər/ (About this soundlisten) is the capital city of the state of Rajasthan, in India. In 2011, about 3 million people lived there. It is located about 300 km southwest of Delhi and about 200 km west of Agra. There are different industries in the city, which is also a cultural center. Jaipur is home to a university and important transportation. Close to the city, there are agricultural and mining activities.

History[change | change source]

The city of Jaipur was founded by King of Amer, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II on 18 November 1727, who ruled from 1699 to 1743. He wanted to move his capital from Amer, 11 kilometres (7 mi) to Jaipur because the population was growing and there was not enough water. The construction of the city began in 1726 and took four years to finish.[2]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  2. "About Jaipur". Government of Rajasthan. Archived from the original on 3 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]

  • Jaipur travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Media related to Jaipur at Wikimedia Commons