|37th & 39th President of Haiti|
7 February 1991 – 29 September 1991
|Prime Minister||René Préval|
|Preceded by||Ertha Pascal-Trouillot|
|Succeeded by||Raoul Cédras|
15 June 1993 – 12 May 1994
|Prime Minister||Robert Malval|
|Preceded by||Marc Bazin|
|Succeeded by||Émile Jonassaint|
12 October 1994 – 7 February 1996
|Prime Minister||Smarck Michel |
|Preceded by||Émile Jonassaint|
|Succeeded by||René Préval|
4 February 2001 – 29 February 2004
|Prime Minister||Jean Marie Chérestal |
|Preceded by||René Préval|
|Succeeded by||Boniface Alexandre|
|Born||15 July 1953|
Port-Salut, Sud, Haiti
|Political party||Lavalas Political Organization |
Mildred Trouillot (m. 1996)
|Alma mater||Collège Notre-Dame |
State University of Haiti
University of South Africa
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Salesians of Don Bosco|
He won the Haitian general election between 1990 and 1991, with 67% of the vote and was briefly president of Haiti, until a September 1991 military coup. The coup regime collapsed in 1994 under U.S. pressure and threat of force (Operation Uphold Democracy).
Aristide was then president again from 1994 to 1996 and from 2001 to 2004. However, Aristide was ousted in the 2004 coup d'état. Aristide was later forced into exile, staying in the Central African Republic, Jamaica, and South Africa.
He finally returned to Haiti in 2011 after seven years in exile.
References[change | change source]
- "Military ousts Haiti's leader, claims power President Aristide en route to France; fighting kills 26". The Boston Globe. 1 October 1991.
- "Haiti: The impact of the 1991 coup". International Journal of Refugee Law. June 1992.
- "Aristide says U.S. deposed him in 'coup d'etat'". CNN. 2 March 2004. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
- Dixon, Robyn (2004-06-01). "South Africa Welcomes Aristide With Open Arms and Wallet". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
- Randal C. Archibold (18 March 2011). "Just Days Before Election, Aristide Returns to Cheers and Uncertainty in Haiti". New York Times.