John Billington (c. 1580 – September 30, 1630) and his family were passengers on the Mayflower in 1620. He was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact. Billington was hanged in Plymouth Colony in 1630.
Mayflower Voyage[change | change source]
Billington and his family left Plymouth England on 16 September 1620. There were 102 passengers and 30–40 crew. On 19 November 1620, the Mayflower saw land. They were supposed to land in the Colony of Virginia, but the ship was damaged so they landed at Cape Cod now called Provincetown Harbor. They wrote the Mayflower Compact, which made rules on how they would live and treat each other. Billington was a signer to the document.
Life in Plymouth colony[change | change source]
Shortly after they landed, Francis went exploring and discovered a large body of water that is now called Billington Sea. The family were Plymouth Colony's troublemakers. Billington's son, Francis, fired a musket on the Mayflower. In March 1621 Billington was punished because he did not to obey Myles Standish the military leader. He would do this many times. In May 1621 John Billington (the younger) became lost in the woods for many days and was returned home by some Native Americans. In 1625 Governor Bradford wrote a letter to Robert Cushman and said "Billington still says many things against you. He is a bad man, and always will be". In 1636, wife was punished and made to sit in the stocks for saying bad things about John Doane.
Death of John Billington[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford, the second Governor of Plymouth, (Boston: 1856), p. 181
- Robert Charles Anderson, Pilgrim Village Family Sketch: John Billington (a collaboration between American Ancestors and New England Historic Genealogical Society) Archived 2013-09-04 at the Wayback Machine
- A genealogical profile of John Billington, (a collaboration of Plimoth Plantation and New England Historic Genealogical Society accessed 2013) Archived 2012-09-17 at the Wayback Machine
- Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620–1691, (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1986), pp. 20, 411–413
- George Ernest Bowman, The Mayflower Compact and its signers, (Boston: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1920). Photocopies of the 1622, 1646 and 1669 versions of the document pp. 7–19.
- William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford, the second Governor of Plymouth, (Boston: 1856), p. 102
- Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: A story of Courage, Community and War, (New York: Viking 2006), p. 89
- William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford, the second Governor of Plymouth, (Boston: 1856), pp. 102, 103 449, 452
- William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford, the second Governor of Plymouth, (Boston: 1856), pp.276, 277
- Grave of John Billington [permanent dead link]