Katherine Johnson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Katherine Johnson
Katherine Johnson
Katherine Johnson in 2008
Born
Katherine Coleman

(1918-08-26) August 26, 1918 (age 101)
ResidenceHampton, Virginia
NationalityAmerican
Alma materWest Virginia State University,
West Virginia University
OccupationPhysicist, Mathematician
EmployerNACA, NASA
Known forCalculating the trajectories for many NASA missions

Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson (born August 26, 1918) is an African American physicist and mathematician. She finished schooling at a very early age. Katherine Johnson was 1 of the first 3 black people allowed to study at West Virginia University, which before that was officially racist and did not let black people be students.[1] She is known for her work on the United States' aeronautics and space programs where she worked with the early application of digital electronic computers at NASA.

She is also known for accuracy in computerized celestial navigation. She made it possible for many space flights such as Project Mercury, including the early NASA missions of John Glenn and Alan Shepard, and the 1969 Apollo 11 flight to the Moon, through the Space Shuttle program to happen.[2][3] Her calculations were critical to the success of these missions.[2] Johnson also did calculations for plans for a mission to Mars. Katherine Goble Johnson wrote 26 research reports. She was the first women to attend an editorial meeting at NASA.[4] In 2015, Johnson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was included in the BBC series 100 Women the next year.

References[change | change source]

  1. Loff, Sarah (2016-11-22). "Katherine Johnson Biography". NASA. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Smith, Yvette (November 24, 2015). "Katherine Johnson: The Girl Who Loved to Count". NASA. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  3. "Katherine G. Johnson Biography". Biography.com. October 10, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  4. "Google Docs - create and edit documents online, for free". docs.google.com. Retrieved 2018-03-13.