Katherine Johnson

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Katherine Johnson
Katherine Johnson
Katherine Johnson in 2008
Born Katherine Coleman
(1918-08-26) August 26, 1918 (age 100)
White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, US
Residence Hampton, Virginia
Nationality American
Alma mater West Virginia State University,
West Virginia University
Occupation Physicist, Mathematician
Employer NACA, NASA
Known for Calculating the trajectories for many NASA missions

Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson (born August 26, 1918) is an African American physicist and mathematician. She finished schooling at a very early age. Katherine Johnson was 1 of the 3 black people to began working at NASA.[1] [2] She is known to the United States' aeronautics and space programs with the early application of digital electronic computers at NASA.

She is also known for accuracy in computerized celestial navigation. She made it possible for many space flights such as Project Mercury, including the early NASA missions of John Glenn and Alan Shepard, and the 1969 Apollo 11 flight to the Moon, through the Space Shuttle program to happen.[3][4] Her calculations were critical to the success of these missions.[3] Johnson also did calculations for plans for a mission to Mars. Katherine Goble Johnson wrote 26 research reports. Katherine Johnson was the first women to attend a editorial meeting at NASA.[5] In 2015, Johnson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was included in the BBC series 100 Women the next year.

References[change | change source]

  1. Loff, Sarah (2016-11-22). "Katherine Johnson Biography". NASA. Retrieved 2018-03-13. 
  2. Loff, Sarah (2016-11-22). "Katherine Johnson Biography". NASA. Retrieved 2018-03-13. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Smith, Yvette (November 24, 2015). "Katherine Johnson: The Girl Who Loved to Count". NASA. Retrieved February 12, 2016. 
  4. "Katherine G. Johnson Biography". Biography.com. October 10, 2016. Retrieved January 15, 2017. 
  5. "Google Docs - create and edit documents online, for free". docs.google.com. Retrieved 2018-03-13.