John Glenn

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John Glenn
John Glenn Low Res.jpg
United States Senator
from Ohio
In office
December 24, 1974 – January 3, 1999
Preceded byHoward Metzenbaum[1]
Succeeded byGeorge Voinovich[2]
Chair of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byWilliam V. Roth Jr.[3]
Succeeded byWilliam V. Roth Jr.[4]
Personal details
Born
John Herschel Glenn Jr.

(1921-07-18)July 18, 1921
Cambridge, Ohio, U.S.
DiedDecember 8, 2016(2016-12-08) (aged 95)
Columbus, Ohio, U.S.
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Annie Castor (m. 1943)
Children2
EducationMuskingum University (BS)
University of Maryland, College Park
Civilian awardsCongressional Gold Medal
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Congressional Space Medal of Honor
NASA Distinguished Service Medal
Signature
Military service
Branch/service United States Navy
 United States Marine Corps
Years of service1941–1965
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg Colonel
Battles/warsWorld War II
Chinese Civil War
Korean War
Military awards
John Glenn Portrait.jpg
OccupationTest pilot
AwardsDistinguished Flying Cross
Congressional Space Medal of Honor
NASA Distinguished Service Medal
Space career
NASA astronaut
Time in space
4 hours, 55 minutes, 23 seconds[5]
Selection1959 NASA Group 1
MissionsMercury-Atlas 6
Mission insignia
Mercury 6 - Patch.png
RetirementJanuary 16, 1964
JohnGlenn.jpg
AwardsPresidential Medal of Freedom
Space career
NASA Payload Specialist
Time in space
9 days, 19 hours, 54 minutes, 2 seconds[6]
MissionsSTS-95
Mission insignia
Sts-95-patch.png

John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a former astronaut and United States Senator. He is best known for being the first American to orbit the Earth as an astronaut for NASA. After his career as an astronaut, he went into politics and served as a Senator from his home state of Ohio from 1974-1999. In 1998, he made his second spaceflight at the age of 77 years. He is the oldest man ever in outer space.[7] Following the death of senator Edward Brooke in January 2015, he was the oldest living former U.S. senator until his death in December 2016.

Early life[change | change source]

Glenn was born in Cambridge, Ohio, to John Glenn, Sr. and Teresa (née Sproat).[8] He was raised in New Concord, Ohio. Glenn studied engineering at Muskingum College. He received his private pilot's license for physics course credit in 1941. He received a Bachelor of Science at Muskingum College in 1942.

Career[change | change source]

Glenn joined the United States Navy in 1942 and became a pilot. He switched to the United States Marine Corps soon afterwards. He served as a pilot in World War II and flew missions over the Pacific Ocean.

Glenn stayed in the Marines after the war. In the Korean War, he shot down three enemy planes and flew in 63 combat missions. On July 16, 1957, then-Major Glenn set the transcontinental air speed record, flying a F8U-1 Crusader from NAS Los Alamitos to Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn, in 3 hours, 23 minutes, and 8.4 seconds.

Project Bullet, as the mission was called, provided both the first transcontinental flight to average supersonic speed, and the first continuous transcontinental panoramic photograph of the United States. Glenn was awarded his fifth Distinguished Flying Cross for the mission.

In 1958, Glenn joined Project Mercury. He was the oldest of the seven pilots selected. Although Alan Shepard and Gus Grissom flew in outer space before Glenn did, Glenn was the first American to orbit the earth, as neither of the previous two had made a full orbit. He flew a Mercury spacecraft called Friendship 7. His first words when reaching orbit were "Zero G and I feel fine." He retired from NASA and the military after his flight.

He went into business. He became an executive for Royal Crown Cola. Glenn was friends with Robert F. Kennedy. Kennedy, an Attorney General of the United States and US Senator, told Glenn he should run for office. He planned on running for Senate in 1964, but an accident at home made him decide not to. In 1974, he ran for Senate as a Democrat. He defeated Senator Howard Metzenbaum in the primary. Glenn later beat Ralph J. Perk in the general election. He was reelected to the Senate in 1980. In 1984, he ran for President but the Democratic nomination went to Walter Mondale. Glenn was a popular senator and was reelected several more times.

In 1998, Glenn flew on the Space Shuttle Discovery. He is the oldest person to fly in space and the only sitting US Senator to fly in space. He retired from the Senate in 1999. He helped set up the John Glenn School of Public affairs at Ohio State University. President Barack Obama gave him the Medal of Freedom in 2012.

Personal life[change | change source]

On April 6, 1943, Glenn married his childhood sweetheart, Anna Margaret Castor. They had met in New Concord and played together in the school band. They were the parents of two children. Glenn lived in Columbus, Ohio with his wife.

Death[change | change source]

On December 8, 2016, Glenn died at a medical center after suffering from a "serious medical condition" in Columbus.[9][10] He was 95 years old.

His body was buried at Arlington National Cemetery on April 6, 2017.[11][12]

References[change | change source]

  1. McDiarmid, Hugh (January 17, 1998). "Rocket man fizzled early as politician". Detroit Free Press. Detroit, Michigan. p. 3. Retrieved October 15, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. "Voinovich backs lengthier trial for Clinton". The Akron Beacon Journal. Akron, Ohio. January 6, 1999. p. 10 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. Gorenstein, Nathan (November 5, 1986). "Biden would rather see Kennedy in Judiciary chair". The News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware. p. 8 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. Barton, Paul (March 26, 1995). "Senator Glenn Rails at New Ways". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Cincinnati, Ohio. p. 21 – via Newspapers.com.
  5. "Mercury-Atlas 6". NASA. November 20, 2006. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  6. "STS-95". NASA. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  7. John Glenn: 1st American to Orbit Earth, Oldest Man in Space at Space.com
  8. http://library.osu.edu/sites/archives/glenn/collection/audiovisuals/certificates.htm[dead link]
  9. "John Glenn, American hero, aviation icon and former U.S. senator, dies at 95". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  10. "John Glenn, First American to Orbit the Earth, Dies". ABC News. United States: ABC. December 8, 2016. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  11. Dresbach, Jim (December 22, 2016). "John Glenn to be buried at ANC in April". The Pentagram. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  12. Astronaut, senator, Marine: John Glenn is buried in Arlington Cemetery

Other websites[change | change source]