|United States Senator|
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||John H. Glenn, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Rob Portman|
|65th Governor of Ohio|
January 14, 1991 – December 31, 1998
Nancy P. Hollister
|Preceded by||Richard Frank Celeste|
|Succeeded by||Nancy P. Hollister|
|54th Mayor of Cleveland|
|Preceded by||Dennis Kucinich|
|Succeeded by||Michael R. White|
|56th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio|
January 8, 1979 – November 1979
|Preceded by||Dick Celeste|
|Succeeded by||Myrl Shoemaker|
|Member of the Ohio House of Representatives|
from the 53rd district
January 3, 1967 – December 15, 1971
|Preceded by||New seat|
|Succeeded by||Edward Ryder|
|Born||July 15, 1936|
|Died||June 12, 2016 (aged 79)|
Janet Voinovich (m. 1962–2016)
Molly Voinovich (deceased)
|Alma mater||Ohio University (B.A)|
Ohio State University (J.D.)
George Victor Voinovich (pronunciation (help·info)) (July 15, 1936 – June 12, 2016) was an American politician. He was the former United States Senator from the state of Ohio serving from 1999 to 2011. Voinovich was a member of the Republican Party. He lastly served as the 65th Governor of Ohio from 1991 to 1998. He was the 54th Mayor of Cleveland from 1980 to 1989.
Early life[change | change source]
Voinovich was born on July 15, 1936 in Cleveland, Ohio. His father was of Croatian Serb descent. His mother was of Slovenian descent. He was raised in Collinwood, Ohio; a suburb of Cleveland. He studied at Ohio University and at Ohio State University. He earned a Bachelor of Arts in government from Ohio University and a Law degree from Ohio State.
Early career[change | change source]
Voinovich began his political career in 1963 as an Assistant Attorney General of Ohio. He then served as a member of the Ohio House of Representatives from 1967 to 1971. From 1971 to 1976, he served as County Auditor of Cuyahoga County, Ohio.
In 1978, Voinovich was elected lieutenant governor on the ticket with James A. Rhodes (the first Ohio lieutenant governor not to be elected separately from the governor).
Mayor of Cleveland; 1980–89[change | change source]
Campaign[change | change source]
In 1979, the mayoral elections in Cleveland had become nonpartisan. Then-Mayor Dennis J. Kucinich (D) was about to enter a tough re-election campaign. Voinovich began to think running for mayor again. Finally, on July 26, he made "one of the most difficult decisions in [his] life" by running for mayor. He held his office as lieutenant governor until he won the election.
On October 8, 1979, a few days after the primary, Voinovich's nine-year-old daughter Molly was struck by a van and killed. The event brought the Voinovich campaign to a virtual halt and made it difficult for Kucinich to attack his opponent.
Voinovich went on to be re-elected twice by landslides. In 1981 he defeated former State Representative Patrick Sweeney, 107,472 to 32,940, to win Cleveland's first four-year mayoral term. In 1985 he defeated former councilman Gary Kucinich (brother of Dennis Kucinich), 82,840 to 32,185.
Term[change | change source]
Voinovich was considered shy. Voinovich took an aggressive approach after many people thought Cleveland was a bad place to be in. He reversed a defensive attitude projected by the Cleveland media, going to "war...to save one of this country's greatest cities."
The New Cleveland Campaign, a promotion agency formed in 1978, began sending out news releases bragging about Cleveland's benefits. Many people thanked Voinovich for fixing the city. He even attracted presidential candidates Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan to debate in Cleveland. "Cleveland is making a comeback," Time Magazine declared at the close of 1980.
In order to accomplish more, Voinovich felt that the terms for mayor and Cleveland City Council to be extended. He offered a referendum to voters to extend them from two to four years and asked voters to approve cutting down the number of council members from 33 to 21 in order to help ease the city's bad economy. They approved both requests.
As mayor, Voinovich was a member of the National League of Cities and was elected President in 1985. In addition, the National Civic League awarded Cleveland the All-America City Award three times in five years,(1982, 1984, 1986), in addition to its first, won in 1950.
In 1988, he ran for the office of senator. He lost the election to Howard Metzenbaum. After the election, Vionovich left office as mayor in 1989.
Governor; 1991–98[change | change source]
In 1990, Voinovich was nominated by the Republicans to replace Governor Richard F. Celeste, a Democrat who could not run for a third term. He defeated Anthony J. Celebrezze, Jr. easily in what was considered a close to faultless campaign.
During his first four years he pulled Ohio out of a $1.5 billion deficit and was a national leader in welfare reform and removing unfunded mandates. In 1991 Voinovich served as the Chairman of the Midwestern Governors Association.
In 1994, Voinovich was re-elected to the governorship, defeating Democrat Robert L. Burch Jr. in a massive landslide.
Voinovich did many things in his second term. In 1995 he was named Public Official of the Year by the National Journal. He was thanked with giving leadership in creating a public voucher plan to improve student achievement by using public funds to pay tuition at church affiliated schools. When the state legislature wanted to close Central State University, Ohio's only historically black state supported college, Voinovich stepped in by appointing a new board and convincing John Garland to become president.
In 1996, Voinovich was the first governor to endorse U.S. Senator Robert J. Dole's bid for the Republican Presidential nomination. Later, Voinovich was among nine candidates as a potential vice presidential running mates with Dole. Voinovich said no to the offer to focus on running for senator.
In 1998, he could not run for a third term as governor due to term limits, Voinovich set his eyes on the U.S. Senate seat being left by long-time incumbent Democrat John Glenn. He resigned as governor on December 31, 1998 to focus on his senate race.
United States Senator; 1999–2010[change | change source]
In the 1998 senate elections, Voinovich won the election with 56% to Democratic politician Mary Boyle's 44%.
He joined Democrats on tax issues and in 2000 was the only Republican in Congress to vote against a bill providing for relief from the "marriage penalty."
In November 2004, in his bid for re-election, Voinovich defeated the Democratic nominee, Ohio state senator and former U.S. Representative Eric D. Fingerhut. Voinovich won all 88 Ohio counties and won the largest amount of votes ever in a U.S. Senate race in Ohio – 3.5 million.
Voinovich gained national attention when he gave a speech tearfully opposing the nomination of John R. Bolton, who was selected for U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. Later, Voinovich has since changed his views and said that Bolton did a "good job" as U.N. Ambassador, praising him by saying "I spend a lot of time with John on the phone. I think he is really working very constructively to move forward."
In January 2007, Senator Voinovich expressed concern to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that the President's plan to increase troop levels in Iraq would not be a good idea. During his entire senate career, he was against the War on Iraq.
On January 20, 2009, it was announced that Voinovich had been appointed to the Appropriations Committee. His appointment marks the first time an Ohioan has served on the coveted Senate committee since Mike DeWine lost his 2006 re-election bid. Voinovich sat at what is traditionally known as the 'candy desk'.
In a press conference in January 2009, Voinovich announced he would not be seeking a third term. He left office on January 3, 2011, with Rob Portman replacing him.
Personal life[change | change source]
He married his wife, Janet, in 1962. They had four children: George, Betsy, Peter, and Molly, as well as seven grandchildren. Molly, their youngest child, was killed at age 9 after being struck by a van as she walked home from school.
After his retirement, Voinovich lived in Cleveland with his wife. Voinovich has been named a Senior Fellow at Cleveland State University at the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, and Ohio Visiting Professor of Leadership and Public Affairs at the George V. Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs at Ohio University.
Death[change | change source]
Vionovich died unexpectedly in Cleveland, Ohio on June 12, 2016 at the age of 79.
References[change | change source]
- "Voinovich, George Victor". Office of Art and Archives and Office of the Historian, The United States Congress. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
- Nothing Rotten about the Big Plum Time Magazine, June 15, 1981 . Retrieved July 25, 2010.
- Lamis, Alexandaer (2007). Ohio Politics. Kent: Kent State University Press. ISBN 978-0-87338-613-5.
- Dole Adds Name and Subtracts 1 From His List of Running Mates The New York Times, August 2, 1996 . Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Harden, Blaine Ohio Governor Withdraws From Running-Mate List The Washington Post, August 2, 1996 . Retrieved July 23, 2010.
- Torry, JAck (12 December 2010). "Mr. Ohio George V. Voinovich's dedication to faith, family and state set the foundation for his unprecedented 43-year run in public office, including as a mayor, governor and senator". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Jones, Susan. "John Bolton, Ken Timmerman Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize". CNS News. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Milligan, Susan (April 8, 2008). "Biden treads lightly at Iraq hearing". The Boston Globe. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
- Rulon, Malia (2009-01-21). "Voinovich gets plum committee assignment". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
- Romano, Lois (August 12, 2007). "One sweet role". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
- Foley, Elise (December 18, 2010). "Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Passes Senate 65-31". Huffington Post. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
- "Former Ohio Sen. George Voinovich Endorses John Kasich". Newsmax.
- "George Voinovich dies at 79". Politico. June 12, 2016. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Voinovich.|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Voting record maintained by The Washington Post
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack.us
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues
- Financial information at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance at LegiStorm.com
- Campaign finance reports and data at the Federal Election Commission
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Profile at SourceWatch