Kickboxing is a descriptive term for martial arts that, while similar to boxing, use the feet just like the hands to hit. Kickboxing can be practiced for general health, or as the fight sport. The word kickboxing represents a set of disciplines or sports of combat that use the feet and the fists. Especially, kickboxing is one of the disciplines of Boxe pieds-poings which was developed at first by the Japaneses and afterwards by the North Americans. There are different kinds of kick boxing, most popular form is one where kicks are allowed towards head & torso only.
In the middle of the years 1960, the Japanese Kurosaki, who trained in Kyokushinkai Karate, travelled to Thailand discovering Thai boxing. In his returning to the Japan decided to combine his techniques of karate with that of Thai boxing, removing elbow strikes (the Americans also removed knee strikes), so a new sport called "kickboxing" was born.
Among the non-Japaneses that gained more successes, a special consideration should be given to Frenchman Christian Guillaume who in 1969 gained four victories and two draws; and American Benny "The Jet" Urquidez who in 1977 defeated Tatsuyuki Suzuki in four rounds.
In 1973 Urquidez and Howard Hanson created the W.K.A. (World Karate Association), changing years after the "K" de karate for that of Kick-Boxing.
Rules[change | change source]
The "amateur" combats take place in three rounds, and the professional ones last five rounds; 10 in championships of Europe and 12 in the championships of the world, with a one-minute half-time (break) between rounds.
The kicks to the thigh (low kick) usually decide about the difference in the combats.
Equipment[change | change source]
Pants (long or short), boxing gloves and protectors for the teeth and for the genitals; in the female combats, women should also wear protector of chest and boots (not required in the professional combats).
Other websites[change | change source]
- World association of all styles Kickboxing Organizations (W.A.S.K.O.) Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
- The World Kickboxing & Karate Association (W.K.A.)- Prof & Amateur Kickboxing Archived 2017-06-14 at the Wayback Machine
- International Sports Kickboxing Association (I.S.K.A)- Prof & Amateur Kickboxing
- International Kickboxing Federation (IKF) - Prof & Amateur Kickboxing
- International Kickboaxing Board of Control (IKBC)
- World Kickboxing Network (W.K.N.)
- World Kickboxing Union (W.K.U.)
- World Kickboxing Federation (W.K.F.)
- World Federation of Kickboxing (WFK) Archived 2018-05-20 at the Wayback Machine
- World International kickboxing league (I.K.L.) Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Professional Kickboxing Association (P.K.A) Archived 2008-07-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Muay Thai Kickboxing (M.T.K) Archived 2012-02-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Kickboxing Guide (Premier)