King Charles Spaniel

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King Charles Spaniel
A small black and brown dog with long ears sits and looks upwards. It has a short stubby muzzle.
King Charles Spaniel
Other namesEnglish Toy Spaniel
Toy Spaniel
Charlies
Prince Charles Spaniel
Ruby Spaniel
Blenheim Spaniel
OriginGreat Britain
Traits
Weight 8–14 pounds (3.6–6.4 kg)
Height 9–11 inches (23–28 cm)
Colour Black and tan, white with black and tan patches, white with red patches, red
Litter size 5
Life span 10–16 years
Classification / standards
FCI standard
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The King Charles Spaniel (also called the English Toy Spaniel, especially in the United States) is a small dog breed of the spaniel type.[1][2]

History[change | change source]

In 1903, the Kennel Club in the United Kingdom combined four small spaniel breeds into a single breed of dog and called it the King Charles Spaniel. The other breeds merged into this breed were the Blenheim, Ruby and Prince Charles Spaniels. Originally from East Asia, toy spaniels were first seen in Europe during the 16th century. They were often seen with English royalty and were made famous by their association with King Charles II. They are very closely related to the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the two were considered the same breed until 1945 when the Kennel Club divided them into two seperate breeds. This breed has a smaller skull and shorter nose than the Cavalier.[1]

Colours[change | change source]

These dogs come with four different types of coats (which came from the four breeds that contributed to making this breed):[3]

  • Blenheim - which is a white coat with red markings.
  • Ruby - which is a dark red.
  • Prince Charles or Tricolour - which is white coat with black markings on the body and brown marks over the eyes.
  • King Charles - which is a rich black coat with brown markings.

Gallery[change | change source]

Temperment[change | change source]

Usually very contented but can get excited when around children. Unlike most of the other spaniel breeds, the King Charles does not require much exercise and will be quite happy with just a short stroll every day.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "King Charles Spaniel". The Kennel Club. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  2. "English Toy Spaniel". AKC. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "English Toy Spaniel". dogtime.com. Retrieved 29 April 2021.