Little spotted kiwi

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Little spotted kiwi
Little spotted kiwi, Apteryx owenii, Auckland War Memorial Museum.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apterygiformes
Family: Apterygidae
Genus: Apteryx
Species:
A. haasti
Binomial name
Apteryx haasti
(Potts, 1872)
Apteryx owenii - distribution map.svg

The little spotted kiwi (Apteryx owenii) is a species of kiwi. This bird does not fly. It runs on the ground. The little spotted kiwi is the smallest of all kiwis.[1]

Appearance[change | change source]

This bird has light brown-gray feathers with white bands. Its bill, or beak, is long and pale in color. Its legs and toes are short and dark.[1]

Habitat[change | change source]

In 2012, there were about 1650 little spotted kiwi alive.

Long ago, this bird lived all over New Zealand. However, by the time European people came to live in New Zealand, there were almost no little spotted kiwi left on the North Island. They still live on D'Urville Island. There are none left on New Zealand's South Island.

In 1983, human beings started bringing little spotted kiwi from Kapiti Island and other places to other islands where they can live and raise chicks away from weasels, dogs, and the other animals from Europe that were killing and eating them.[1]

Food[change | change source]

Little spotted kiwi look for food at night and hide during the day in burrows, hollow logs, or other hiding places. They live in pairs. Pairs of adult little spotted kiwi will fight each other over good places to look for food. They will scratch at each other with their claws and pull out each other's feathers. Little spotted kiwi look for food by touching the ground with their long beaks. They eat earthworms, insects, and other animals with no bones. The male kiwi and female kiwi will sing together as they look for food.[1]

Breeding[change | change source]

The kiwis make a nest in a hollow log, crack in a rock or space dug out of the ground. The eggs are white. The female lays one or two eggs at a time. Only the male kiwi sits on the egg.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Little spotted kiwi". New Zealand Birds Online. Retrieved August 27, 2021.