Llullaillaco from the east
|Elevation||6,723 or 6,739 m (22,057 or 22,110 ft)|
|Prominence||2,344 m (7,690 ft) |
|Isolation||264.53 kilometres (164.37 mi)|
|Location||Chile and Argentina|
|Parent range||Andes, Puna de Atacama|
|Age of rock||Pleistocene|
|Last eruption||May 1877|
|First ascent||1950, but previous climbs by Inka|
History[change | change source]
The first recorded ascent was on 1 December 1952, by Bión González and Juan Harseim, from Chile. They found archaeological evidence that people were at the top of Llullaillaco in the pre-Columbian period.
The summit is the highest archaeological site in the world. The mummies of three Inca children were found on it in 1999. These were found by Johan Reinhard and Constanza Ceruti and their expedition. Other artifacts were also found along with the mummies. It is believed that the children were part of a human sacrifice.
Geography[change | change source]
The Llullaillaco is a stratovolcano. There were eruptions in 1854, 1866 and 1877. Since then, no volcanic activity has been recorded. It is the world´s second highest active volcano, second to Ojos del Salado.
Gallery[change | change source]
Paranal Observatory and Llullaillaco, 200 km away
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Richards & Villeneuve 2001, p. 78.
- "Cerro Llullaillaco, Argentina/Chile". Peakbagger.com.
- "Cerro Llullaillaco, Argentina/Chile". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- "Andes 6000 m peak list". Andes.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "Llullaillaco". Peakware.com. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- "Volcán Llullaillaco" (in Spanish). Andeshandbook.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "Llullaillaco". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- "Extreme microbes found near mummy burial site". Livescience. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- Wilford, John Noble (7 April 1999). "Entirely Preserved Inca Mummies Found". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- "The "Llullaillaco Maiden" Was Sedated at Time of Death - Archaeology Magazine". Archaeology Magazine. Archaeological Institute of America. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- "Llullaillaco". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- Maizlish, A. "The Ultra-Prominences Page". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Llullaillaco.|