Lord Howe Island

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Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe ISS006-E-5731.png
Satellite photo of the island
Location Lord Howe Island Group
Coordinates 31°33′S 159°05′E / 31.55°S 159.083°E / -31.55; 159.083
Major islands Lord Howe Island, Admiralty Group, Mutton Bird Islands, and Balls Pyramid
Area 14.55 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Highest elevation 875 m (2,871 ft)
Highest point Mount Gower
Administrative Division Unincorporated area of New South Wales
Self-governed by the Lord Howe Island Board[1]
Part of the electoral district of Port Macquarie[2]
Part of the Division of Sydney[3]
Population 347 permanent residents.[4] Tourists are restricted to 400 at any one time.[5]
Pop. density 23.97 /km2 (62.1 /sq mi)

Lord Howe Island is a small island about 700 km (435 mi) north east of Sydney. It is governed by New South Wales. About 70% of the island is part of the Lord Howe Island Group which became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.[6] The island was first discovered in 1788 by Lieutenant Henry Lidgbird Ball, who was captain of the HMS Supply. He was taking convicts from Sydney to start a new prison colony on Norfolk Island.

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