Lord Howe Island

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Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe ISS006-E-5731.png
Satellite photo of the island
Geography
Location Lord Howe Island Group
Coordinates 31°33′S 159°05′E / 31.550°S 159.083°E / -31.550; 159.083
Major islands Lord Howe Island, Admiralty Group, Mutton Bird Islands, and Balls Pyramid
Area 14.55 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Highest elevation 875 m (2,871 ft)
Highest point Mount Gower
Administration
Administrative Division Unincorporated area of New South Wales
Self-governed by the Lord Howe Island Board[1]
Part of the electoral district of Port Macquarie[2]
Part of the Division of Sydney[3]
Demographics
Population 347 permanent residents.[4] Tourists are restricted to 400 at any one time.[5]
Pop. density 23.97/km2 (62.1/sq mi)

Lord Howe Island is a small island about 700 km (435 mi) north east of Sydney. It is governed by New South Wales. About 70% of the island is part of the Lord Howe Island Group which became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.[6] The island was first discovered in 1788 by Lieutenant Henry Lidgbird Ball, who was captain of the HMS Supply. He was taking convicts from Sydney to start a new prison colony on Norfolk Island.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Regional Statistics - New South Wales" (PDF). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2004. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  2. "Port Macquarie". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  3. "Profile of the Electoral Division Sydney". Australian Electoral Commission. 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-19. 
  4. "2006 Census QuickStats- Lord Howe Island (Statistical Local Area)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  5. "Lord Howe Island community thriving online" (PDF). Community Geographic Domain Names. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  6. "Lord Howe Island Group - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.