Mandir

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Janaki mandir at Janakpur,Nepal

Hindu temple or Mandir is referred to a place where Hindus go to worship gods in the form of various deities. Many Hindu temples are filled with wooden and stone arts like pashupatinath temple. A mandir is a spiritual place for Hindus. It is the landmarks around which ancient arts, community celebrations and economy were developed.[1]

It is believed that the Murtis are stone or wooden images ceremonially infused with the divine presence of God. They are daily worshipped with artis and other ceremonies.[2][3]

Purpose[change | change source]

Hindus believe that God will answer prayers of the faithful and inspire spiritually. For them temple also act as a contact between the gods and the worshippers. They also believe that the gods will grant their wishes and protect them from danger.[4]

Appearance[change | change source]

In Hinduism gods are represented in various forms. Sometimes gods are represented in a human form like Shiva, Vishnu, Saraswati or Kali and sometimes in human and animal fused form like Ganesh. Sometimes they are also represented in plants and non-living form like Tulsi and Shaligrams. Murtis are made according to the prescriptios of the Silpasastra, and then installed by priests through the prana pratishtha ceremony. Afterward the divine personality is believed to be present in the murti.

Method[change | change source]

To show respect, Hindus give gifts and food to the murtis. They are treated with respect and worshipped everyday. If a temple is a family temple it is treated as part of the family. Some Hindus also offer a part of their daily food to the god. They are given clothes and are changed at certain times. When people see the murti, they stop to pray.

Images of Mandirs[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. George Michell (1988), The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to Its Meaning and Forms, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0226532301, pp. 58-65.
  2. Stella Kramrisch (1946). The Hindu Temple. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 135, context: 40–43, 110–114, 129–139 with footnotes. ISBN 978-81-208-0223-0., Quote: "The [Hindu] temple is the seat and dwelling of God, according to the majority of the [Indian] names" (p. 135); "The temple as Vimana, proportionately measured throughout, is the house and body of God" (p. 133).
  3. George Michell (1977). The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to Its Meaning and Forms. University of Chicago Press. pp. 61–62. ISBN 978-0-226-53230-1.; Quote: "The Hindu temple is designed to bring about contact between man and the gods" (...) "The architecture of the Hindu temple symbolically represents this quest by setting out to dissolve the boundaries between man and the divine".
  4. George Michell (1988), The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to Its Meaning and Forms, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0226532301, Chapter 1