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Maurice Robert Gravel, better known as Mike Gravel (born May 13, 1930 in Springfield, Massachusetts) is an American politician, a member of the Libertarian Party. He served as a United States Senator from Alaska (1969-1981) and, previously, as member of the Alaska House of Representatives (1953-1966, speaker from 1965-1966).
As a candidate for the Democratic Presidential nomination in 2008 he wanted withdrawal of US Armed Forces from Iraq, more health care, and social security, and preventing global warming. He is also one of the earliest and the most prominent advocates of direct democracy in the United States.