|Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII|
|The 7th Nizam of Hyderabad (Nizam Sarkar)|
|Reign||Nizam: 29 August 1911– 17 September 1948|
Titular Nizam: 17 September 1948 – 24 February 1967
|Coronation||18 September 1911|
|Born||6 April 1886|
|Died||24 February 1967 (age 80)|
King Kothi Palace, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
(now in Telangana, India)
|Urdu||نواب میر عثمان علی خان|
|House||Asaf Jahi Dynasty|
|Father||Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI|
His Exalted Highness H.E.H Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII was the last Nizam of Hyderabad. After formation of India, he was made Rajpramukh (Governor) of Andhra Pradesh based on Public demand. He was also the richest man on earth with the Golconda mines making Hyderabad the main supplier of diamonds in the world at that time.
Contributions to society[change | change source]
Nearly all the major public buildings and institutions in Hyderabad city, such as Osmania General Hospital, Hyderabad High Court, Jubilee Hall, Nizamia Observatory, Nizamia Hospital, Moazzam Jahi Market, Kachiguda Railway Station, Asafiya Library now known as the State Central Library, Hyderabad, Town Hall now known as the Assembly Hall, Hyderabad Museum now known as the State Museum and many other monuments were built during his rule.
Reforms in education and agriculture[change | change source]
During his reign, he introduced many educational reforms. About a whopping 11% of the Nizam's budget was spent on education and primary education made compulsory and free to the poor.
He also made large donations to many institutions in India and abroad with special emphasis given to educational institutions. He made donation Rs 10 Lakh for the Banaras Hindu University and Rs. 5 Lakh for the Aligarh Muslim University during 1950's
Osmania University[change | change source]
He also founded the popular Osmania University in 1918 through a royal (Order) "firman" . Today it is one of the biggest universities in India. Schools, colleges and a Department for Translation were set up. Primary education was made compulsory and free for the poor.
Notable Donations[change | change source]
Donation for compilation of the (Hindu) holy Mahabharata[change | change source]
In the year 1932, The Bhandarkar oriental research institute in Pune, needed money for the compilation and publication of the Hindu epic-Mahabharata and a guest house. A formal request was made to the seventh Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan who in no time released a farman of Rs.1000 per year for a period of 11 years. Whereas, Rs. 50,000 was offered for the guest which is known as "Nizam guest house".
Donation for Indo-China War[change | change source]
Final years and death[change | change source]
The Nizam continued to stay at the King Kothi Palace until his death. He used to issue firmans on inconsequential matters in his newspaper, the Nizam Gazette.
He died on Friday, 24 February 1967. In his will, he asked to buried in Masjid-e Judi, a mosque where his mother was buried, that faced King Kothi Palace. The government declared state mourning on 25 February 1967, the day when he was buried. State government offices remained closed as a mark of respect while the National Flag of India was flown at half-mast on all the government buildings throughout the state. The Nizam Museum documents state :
"The streets and pavements of the city were littered with the pieces of broken glass bangles as an incalculable number of women broke their bangles in mourning, which Telangana women usually do as per Indian customs on the death of a close relative."
"The Nizam's funeral procession was the biggest non-religious, non-political meeting of people in the history of India till that date."
Millions of people of all religions from different parts of the state entered Hyderabad in trains, buses and bullocks for a last glimpse of their king in a coffin in the King Kothi Palace Camp in Hyderabad. The crowd was so uncontrollable that barricades were installed alongside the road to enable people to move in a queue. D. Bhaskara Rao, chief curator, of the Nizam's Museum stated that an estimated one million (1 million) people were part of the procession.
Other websites[change | change source]
- VOYAGE OF HYDERABAD PART 14 MIR OSMAN ALI KHAN THE 7TH NIZAM.(A Siasat Production)
- REAL VIDEO CLIP OF NIZAMS ERA HYDERABAD TELANGANA STATE!
- SOLDIERS of "NIZAMS of HYDERABAD STATE"
References[change | change source]
- "TIME Magazine Cover: The Nizam of Hyderabad - Feb. 22, 1937".
- Lasania, Yunus Y. (2017-04-26). "100 years of Osmania University, the hub of Telangana agitation".
- "Once the pride of the Nizam, Hyderabad's iconic Osmania hospital now lies in shambles". The News Minute. 2017-01-24.
- "Kacheguda station scripts 100 years of history". The Hans India.
- "Nizam Hyderabad Mir Osman Ali Khan was a perfect secular ruler".
- "A 'miser' who donated generously". thehindu.
- "ORIGIN AND HISTORY".
- "Welcome to Osmania University". Osmania.ac.in. 26 April 1917. Archived from the original on 12 August 2015.
- "Reminiscing the seventh Nizam's enormous contribution to education".
- "Why did Nizam give 5000 kg of gold to India?".
- "NIZAM OF HYDERABAD DONATED 5 TON GOLD TO INDIAN GOVERNMENT".
- "Floarl Tribute to Nizam VII – The Siasat Daily". siasat.com. 25 February 2018. Archived from the original on 22 April 2018.
- "Heritage enthusiasts pay rich tributes to seventh Nizam". The Hindu. 7 April 2018. Archived from the original on 30 December 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "In pictures: 50 years ago a sea of people turned up for Death of Hyderabads Last Nizam". thenewsminute.com. 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 18 December 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "The Times Group". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-03-23.
- "On his 50th death anniversary, the last Nizam of Hyderabad". Hindustan Times. 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 19 October 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- "Nizam's opulence has no takers". The Hans India. Archived from the original on 23 August 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- Syed Akbar (25 February 2017). "Mir Osman Ali Khan: Modern Hyderabad architect and statehood icon, Nizam VII fades into history". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2020.