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Downtown Mumbai at night
The Bombay Stock Exchange

Mumbai (previously known as Bombay until 1996) is a natural harbour on the west coast of India, and is the capital city of Maharashtra state.

Population[change | change source]

Mumbai is India's largest city, and one of the world's most populous cities. It is the financial capital of India and a global city. Many billionaires live there. The city is the second most-populous in the world. It has about 13 million people.[1] Along with the neighbouring cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane, it forms the world's 4th largest urban agglomeration. They have around 19.1 million people[2]

History[change | change source]

The seven islands that form Bombay were home to fishing colonies. The islands were ruled by successive kingdoms and indigenous empires before Portuguese settlers took it. Then, it went to the British East India Company. During the mid-18th century, Bombay became a major trading town. It became a strong place for the Indian independence movement during the early 20th century. When India became independent in 1947, the city was put into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital. It was renamed Mumbai in 1996.[3]

Economy[change | change source]

Mumbai generates more than 6% of India's GDP.[4] It accounts for 25% of industrial output, 40% of sea trade, and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy.[5] The Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India and many Indian companies and multinational corporations are in the city. It also has the Hindi film and television industry, known as Bollywood.

Public transport in Mumbai[change | change source]

The Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport is Mumbai's public transport service.

Tourist Attractions in Mumbai[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "World: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population (2009)". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  2. "Population of urban agglomerations with 750,000 inhabitants or more in 2007 (thousands) 1950-2025 (India)". Department of Economic and Social Affairs (United Nations). Archived from the original on 23 December 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
  3. "Bombay: History of a City". British Library. Archived from the original on 25 June 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2008.
  4. "Mumbai Urban Infrastructure Project". Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2008.
  5. "Navi Mumbai International Airport" (JPG). City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). Retrieved 18 July 2008.

Other websites[change | change source]