From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Neoconservatism (often shortened as neocon) is a form of American conservatism that emphasizes an aggressive American foreign policy.[1][2] It started in the United States during the 1960s. Neocons supported the Vietnam war, but disliked the Democratic party, Great Society, and the New Left.

Neoconservative sometimes refers to people who started as anti-Stalinists and then became American conservatives during the 1960s and 1970s.[3]

Examples[change | change source]

Some neocons are Republicans, like the presidents between from the 1970s to the 2000s. For example, George W. Bush started the 2003 invasion of Iraq.[4] His neocon advisors include Paul Wolfowitz, Elliott Abrams, Richard Perle, and Paul Bremer. Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld are also often said to be Neocons. They supported the defence of Israel during the Second Intifada and the American wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Very few of those people actually called themselves Neoconservatives though. Some people who call themselves Neoconservatives are Douglas Murray and Reihan Salaam.

Where did it come from?[change | change source]

Neocon started in the 60s with Jewish magazine Commentary, edited by Norman Podhoretz and published by the American Jewish Committee.[5][6] They opposed the New Left and thus started the neocon movement.[7][8]

References[change | change source]

  1. Dagger, Richard. "Neoconservatism". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  2. "Neoconservative". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  3. Vaïsse, Justin (2010). Neoconservatism: The biography of a movement. Harvard University Press. pp. 6–11.
  4. Record, Jeffrey (2010). Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq. Potomac Books, Inc. pp. 47–50. ISBN 9781597975902. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  5. MmFriedman, Murray (2005). The neoconservative revolution: Jewish intellectuals and the shaping of public policy. Cambridge University Press.
  6. Balint, Benjamin (2010). "Running Commentary: The Contentious Magazine that Transformed the Jewish Left Into the Neoconservative Right". PublicAffairs.
  7. Beckerman, Gal (6 January 2006). "The Neoconservatism Persuasion". The Forward.
  8. Friedman, Murray (2005). The Neoconservative Revolution Jewish Intellectuals and the Shaping of Public Policy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.