Nepali Congress

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Nepali Congress

नेपाली काँग्रेस
AbbreviationNC
PresidentSher Bahadur Deuba
Vice-presidentBimalendra Nidhi[1]
General SecretaryShashanka Koirala
Purna Bahadur Khadka[1]
SpokespersonBishwa Prakash Sharma[1]
FounderBishweshwar Prasad Koirala and others
Founded9 April 1950 (71 years ago) (1950-04-09)
Merger ofNepali National Congress
Nepal Democratic Congress
HeadquartersB.P. Smriti Bhawan,
B.P. Nagar, Lalitpur[2]
Student wingNepal Student Union
Youth wingNepal Tarun Dal
Women's wingNepal Woman Association
Membership852,711 (2021)[3]
IdeologySocial democracy[4]
Third Way[5]
Political positionCentre to centre-left[6]
International affiliationSocialist International
Progressive Alliance
Colours 
House of Representatives
63 / 275
National Assembly
7 / 59
Provincial Assemblies
114 / 550
Local governments
280 / 753
Mayor/Chairperson
Election symbol
Nepalese Election Symbol Tree.svg
Party flag
Nepali Congress alt flag.svg
Website
nepalicongress.org

The Nepali Congress (Nepali: नेपाली कांग्रेस Nepali pronunciation: [neˈpali ˈkaŋres]; abbr. NC) is the largest social democratic political party in Nepal. It has been the ruling party of Nepal since July 2021.[7]

The only party in Nepal to have been elected with a majority, NC formed a majority government post three elections; in 1959, 1991 and 1999.[8] Similarly, it emerged as the single largest party from the 2013 Constituent Assembly election, and played a leading role in the promulgation of Constitution of Nepal in 2015.[9]

The party was formed in 1950 by the merger of the Nepali National Congress and the Nepal Democratic Congress along democratic socialist lines. NC prime ministers led four governments between the fall of the Rana dynasty and the start of the Panchayat era, including the first democratically-elected government of Nepal, after the 1959 general election.

Leadership[change | change source]

Party presidents[change | change source]

Prime Ministers of Nepal[change | change source]

No. Prime Minister Portrait Terms in Office Legislature Cabinet Constituency
Start End Tenure
1 Matrika Prasad Koirala Matrika Prasad Koirala.jpg 16 November 1951 14 August 1952 272 days Appointed by King Tribhuvan M.P. Koirala, 1951
2 Subarna Shamsher Rana[a] 15 May 1958 27 May 1959 1 year, 12 days Appointed by King Mahendra
3 Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala BP Koirala.jpg 27 May 1959 26 December 1960 1 year, 213 days 1st House of Representatives B.P. Koirala, 1959 Morang–Biratnagar West
4 Krishna Prasad Bhattarai Krishna bhattarai.jpg 19 April 1990 26 May 1991 1 year, 37 days Appointed by King Birendra
31 May 1999 22 March 2000 296 days 3rd House of Representatives Parsa 1
5 Girija Prasad Koirala The Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Girija Prasad Koirala being seen off by the Union Minister of Water Resources, Prof. Saif-ud-din Soz at Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi on April 06, 2007 (cropped).jpg 26 May 1991 30 November 1994 3 years, 188 days 3rd House of Representatives Morang 1
15 April 1998 31 May 1999 1 year, 46 days 4th House of Representatives Sunsari 5
22 March 2000 26 July 2001 1 year, 126 days
25 April 2006 28 May 2008 2 years, 33 days Interim legislature of Nepal
6 Sher Bahadur Deuba Sher Bahadur Deuba 2006.jpg 12 September 1995 12 March 1997 1 year, 181 days 4th House of Representatives Dadeldhura 1
26 July 2001 4 October 2002 1 year, 70 days
7 June 2017 15 February 2018 253 days 2nd Constituent Assembly Deuba, 2017
13 July 2021 Incumbent 197 days 5th House of Representatives Deuba, 2021
7 Sushil Koirala Sushil Koirala Photograph.png 11 February 2014 12 October 2015 1 year, 243 days 2nd Constituent Assembly Sushil Koirala, 2013 Banke 3

Chief Ministers of provinces of Nepal[change | change source]

No. Chief Minister Portrait Terms in Office Legislature Cabinet Constituency
Start End Tenure
1 Krishna Chandra Nepali CM- K.C.Nepali.jpg 12 June 2021[10] Incumbent 228 days Provincial Assembly of Gandaki Province Krishna Chandra Nepali cabinet Nawalparasi East 1(A)
2 Jeevan Bahadur Shahi 2 November 2021 Incumbent 85 days Provincial Assembly of Karnali Province Jeevan Bahadur Shahi cabinet Humla 1(B)
  1. As Chairman of the Council of Ministers

Sister organizations[change | change source]

According to the website of Nepali Congress, the following are its sister organizations.[11]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Central Working Committee". Nepali Congress. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  2. "Contacts". Nepali Congress. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  3. NC’s 14th General Convention: Over 852,000 verified as active members - myRepublica - The New York Times Partner, Latest news of Nepal in English, Latest News Articles
  4. "Nepali Congress, An Introduction". Archived 8 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Nepali Congress. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  5. Acharya, Meena (2003). "Monarchy, Democracy, Donors, and the CPN-Maoist Movement in Nepal: A Lesson for Infant Democracies". Himalaya. 23 (2).
  6. Sharma, Gopal (6 June 2017). "Nepali Congress leader Deuba elected PM for fourth time". Reuters. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  7. Bagale, Sanjib. "PM Deuba passes floor test with 165 votes". Setopati. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  8. "Previous Election Facts and Figures". 21 October 2008. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. Online, T. H. T. (12 June 2021). "NC's Krishna Chandra Nepali appointed Gandaki CM". The Himalayan Times. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  11. www.nepalicongress.org. "NepaliCongress.org- Nepali Congress Official website | Political party of Nepal". nepalicongress.org. Retrieved 25 June 2017.