2008 Mumbai attacks

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The Mumbai attacks of November 2008
The Mumbai attacks of November 2008
Locations of some of the attacks
Location Mumbai, India
Date 26 November 2008
Shortly before 10pm local time[1] (IST, UTC +5:30)
Attack type Bombings, shootings, hostages[2]
Weapon(s) RDX, AK-47s,and grenades[3]
Deaths 125+[1][4]
Injured 327+[3]
Suspected perpetrator(s) Controversial; unknown group Deccan Mujahideen has claimed responsibility.[3]

The 2008 Mumbai attacks were twelve attacks by terrorists that happened at the same time across Mumbai, India, on 26 November 2008.[5] 172 people were killed and 293 were injured.[3][6]

A group called Deccan Mujahideen said it did all of the 2008 Mumbai attacks.[3] Before this, nobody had heard of this group. Now, they are known to be a part of the Indian Mujahideen.[7]

Reasons for the Attacks[change | change source]

Pakistan's people are mostly Muslim, while India's people are mostly Hindu. These two religions, Islam and Hinduism, have different ideas about many things. In the past, there was a lot of conflict between India and Pakistan, partly about religion and partly about many other things.

More recently, the relationship between India and Pakistan has gotten better. Some terrorist groups in India, like Deccan Mujahideen, did not like this. They reacted by using terrorism.[8]

What Was Attacked, and How?[change | change source]

Location Type of attack
Mumbai India.jpg Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station Shootings; grenades.
South Mumbai Police Headquarters Shootings.[9]
LeopoldCafe gobeirne.jpg Leopold Café, Colaba Shootings.
TajMahalPalaceMumbai1 gobeirne.jpg Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel Shootings;[10] six explosions; a fire was set on the top floor, and hostages were taken.[5] The explosive material RDX was found nearby.[1]
OberoiMumbai02 gobeirne.jpg Oberoi Trident hotel Shootings; explosions; fire; hostages were taken.
Mazagaon docks Explosion; a boat with military weapons on it was stolen.
Cama Hospital Shootings; hostages were taken.[11]
Mumbai Chabad House (Nariman House) Siege; shootings;[12] hostages were taken.
Vile Parle suburb, North Mumbai Car bomb.[13]
Girgaum Chowpatty Two terrorists were shot.[14]
Tardeo Two terrorists were arrested.[source?]
Metro movie theater Terrorists hijacked (took over) a police Jeep and shot people from it.[15]

Who Did the Attacks?[change | change source]

Around fifty to sixty terrorists took part in the attacks.[16] They looked young, around their early twenties, and wore T-shirts, black shirts, and jeans.[17] The Guardian has said that they seemed "cool and composed" (calm) and "in no hurry".[17] Police officers who rescued hostages at the Chabad House were surprised that the terrorists looked like they were "white" - like they were not Indian, or were from northern India.[18]

The terrorists had planned the attack a few months earlier. They set up "control rooms" in the two luxury hotels that were attacked.[19]

After the attacks, a group that called itself Deccan Mujahideen sent emails to news organizations, saying they had done the attacks.[3] The New York Times has said that international security experts had never heard of the Deccan Mujahideen group. One expert thought that some other terrorist group was using "Deccan Mujahideen" as a fake name.[20] In September of 2008, the Indian Mujahideen had warned that they would be making terrorist attacks soon.[7] Their message said that "you are already on our hit-list and this time very, very seriously."[20]

One witness said that the gunmen were looking for people with American and British passports to kill. This witness said that the terrorists left other people, like a man who said he was Italian, alone.[21]

The Independent has reported that "the attackers were young South Asian men speaking Hindi or Urdu, suggesting they are probably members of an Indian militant group rather than foreigners".[22]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Commandos tackle besieged Mumbai hotels". 27 November 2008. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/11/27/india.attacks/index.html. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  2. India terrorist attacks leave at least 78 dead in Mumbai
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "Terror attacks in Mumbai; six foreigners among 101 dead". Times of India. 27 November 2008. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Terrorists_strike_Mumbai_80_dead_many_hurt/articleshow/3761410.cms. Retrieved 27 November 2008. Invalid <ref> tag; name "mumbaiattack-toi" defined multiple times with different content
  4. "At least 104 dead in Mumbai; 7 people escorted from hotel". 27 November 2008. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2008-11-26-india-shooting_N.htm?csp=34. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Scores killed in Mumbai rampage". CNN.com. 26 November 2008. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/11/26/india.attacks/index.html. Retrieved 26 November 2008.
  6. AFP (agency) (1 December 2008). "Mumbai death toll revised down". Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/mumbai-death-toll-revised-down/2008/12/01/1227979875093.html.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Indian Mujahideen threatens to target Mumbai". India Today. http://indiatoday.digitaltoday.in/index.php?option=com_content&issueid=71&task=view&id=15328&sectionid=4&Itemid=1. Invalid <ref> tag; name "im" defined multiple times with different content
  8. "Mumbai attacks reveal deep-rooted conflicts in India". news. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-11/30/content_10436383.htm. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  9. Multiple attacks kill and wound scores in Mumbai. Retrieved on November 27, 2008.
  10. Scores killed in Mumbai attacks
  11. Mumbai terror kills 65
  12. Encounter on at Nariman House in South Mumbai
  13. TERROR TAKES OVER MUMBAI. The Statesman.
  14. Mumbai Hit: Two terrorists shot dead
  15. "India under attack". The Economist. http://www.economist.com/world/asia/displaystory.cfm?story_id=12708194. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
  16. "Is al-Qaida behind the Mumbai terror attacks?". Haaretz. 2008-11-27. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1041684.html. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
  17. 17.0 17.1 http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/nov/28/mumbai-terror-attacks-india
  18. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/nov/27/mumbai-jewish-centre-hostages
  19. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/11/27/mumbai.investigation/?iref=hpmostpop
  20. 20.0 20.1 Cowell, Alan; Souad Mekhennet (2007-11-27). "Sophisticated attacks, but by whom?". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/28/world/asia/28group.html?_r=2&hp=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
  21. Mumbai attackers looked for foreign passport holders
  22. Who could be behind the Mumbai attacks? Reported 27 November 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2008.

Other websites[change | change source]