Orange Free State

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Orange Free State
Oranje-Vrijstaat
1854–1902
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Anthem
Vrystaatse Volkslied
Location of the Orange Free State c. 1890
Capital Bloemfontein
Languages Dutch (official)
English
Sesotho
Zulu
Religion Dutch Reformed
African religions
Government Republic
State President
 •  1854 – 1855 J. P. Hoffman
 •  1855 – 1859 J. N. Boshoff
 •  1860 – 1863 M. W. Pretorius1
 •  1864 – 1888 J. H. Brand
 •  1889 – 1895 F. W. Reitz
 •  1896 – 1902 M. T. Steyn
Legislature Parliament
 •  house of representatives Volksraad
Historical era 19th century
 •  Republic founded 17 February 1854
 •  Battle of Blood River 16 December 1838
 •  Start of 2nd Boer War 11 October 1899
 •  Treaty of Vereeniging 31 May 1902
Area
 •  1875[1] 181,299 km2 (70,000 sq mi)
Population
 •  1875[1] est. 100,000 
     Density 1/km2 (1/sq mi)
Currency Orange Free State pound
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Orange River Sovereignty
Orange River Colony
1 Also State President of the Transvaal Republic

The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat) was a country in southern Africa. It was ruled by the Afrikaners. It was defeated by the British Empire and its colonies, the British Cape Colony and the Natal Colony, in the Second Boer War. It became a colony of the British called the Orange River Colony.

References[change | change source]

  1. Sketch of the Orange Free State of South Africa. Bloemfontein: Orange Free State. Commission at the International Exhibition, Philadelphia, 1876. 1876. p. 10.