Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII

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Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII
The 7th Nizam of Hyderabad (Nizam Sarkar)
Usman Ali Khan
ReignNizam: 29 August 1911– 17 September 1948
Titular Nizam: 17 September 1948 – 24 February 1967
Coronation18 September 1911
Born(1886-04-06)6 April 1886
Died24 February 1967 (age 80)
King Kothi Palace, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
(now in Telangana, India)
Urduنواب میر عثمان علی خان
HouseAsaf Jahi Dynasty
FatherMahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI
MotherAzmatunnisa Begum

His Exalted Highness H.E.H Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII was the last Nizam of Hyderabad. After formation of India, he was made Rajpramukh (Governor) of Andhra Pradesh based on Public demand. He was also the richest man on earth[1] with the Golconda mines making Hyderabad the main supplier of diamonds in the world at that time.

Contributions to society[change | change source]

Nearly all the major public buildings and institutions in Hyderabad city, such as Osmania General Hospital, Hyderabad High Court, Jubilee Hall, Nizamia Observatory, Nizamia Hospital, Moazzam Jahi Market, Kachiguda Railway Station, Asafiya Library now known as the State Central Library, Hyderabad, Town Hall now known as the Assembly Hall, Hyderabad Museum now known as the State Museum and many other monuments were built during his rule.[2][3][4]

Reforms in education and agriculture[change | change source]

During his reign, he introduced many educational reforms. About a whopping 11% of the Nizam's budget was spent on education and primary education made compulsory and free to the poor.[5]

He also made large donations to many institutions in India and abroad with special emphasis given to educational institutions. He made donation Rs 10 Lakh for the Banaras Hindu University[6] and Rs. 5 Lakh for the Aligarh Muslim University during 1950's[5]

HEH The Nizam with his Royal subjects (Maharaja Kishen Prasad) to his right

Osmania University[change | change source]

He also founded the popular Osmania University in 1918 through a royal (Order) "firman" .[7] Today it is one of the biggest universities in India. Schools, colleges and a Department for Translation were set up. Primary education was made compulsory and free for the poor.[8]

Notable Donations[change | change source]

Donation for compilation of the (Hindu) holy Mahabharata[change | change source]

In the year 1932, The Bhandarkar oriental research institute in Pune, needed money for the compilation and publication of the Hindu epic-Mahabharata and a guest house. A formal request was made to the seventh Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan who in no time released a farman of Rs.1000 per year for a period of 11 years. Whereas, Rs. 50,000 was offered for the guest which is known as "Nizam guest house".[5][9]

Donation for Indo-China War[change | change source]

The 7th nizam donated 5000 kgs of Gold to Indian Govt during Indo-China war in 1965.[10][11]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "TIME Magazine Cover: The Nizam of Hyderabad - Feb. 22, 1937".
  2. Lasania, Yunus Y. (2017-04-26). "100 years of Osmania University, the hub of Telangana agitation".
  3. "Once the pride of the Nizam, Hyderabad's iconic Osmania hospital now lies in shambles". The News Minute. 2017-01-24.
  4. "Kacheguda station scripts 100 years of history". The Hans India.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Nizam Hyderabad Mir Osman Ali Khan was a perfect secular ruler".
  6. "A 'miser' who donated generously". thehindu.
  8. "Welcome to Osmania University". Osmania.ac.in. 26 April 1917. Archived from the original on 12 August 2015.
  9. "Reminiscing the seventh Nizam's enormous contribution to education".
  10. "Why did Nizam give 5000 kg of gold to India?".