History[change | change source]
The Parti Québécois, or PQ was founded by René Lévesque. PQ's main goals are to get independence for Québec. In the provincial election of 1976, the Parti Québécois was elected to the government of Québec for the first time and René Lévesque, became the premier of Quebec. Many French people in Québec were happy to see the Lévesque as premier, while many English people were not happy.[source?].
The PQ passed a bill called Bill 101. This bill is a law that makes French the languages used most in Quebec, even though English and French are the languages spoken in Canada. The party was elected again in the 1981 election, but in November 1984 founder René Lévesque left the party and the PQ lost the 1985 election.
The Parti Québécois started the first Quebec referendum, having the citizens vote to decided to either leave Canada or stay a part of the country. 60 per cent of the people who voted decided to stay in Canada. The PQ had a second referendum in 1995. The citizens once again voted to stay in Canada. The leader of the party, Jacques Parizeau, quit after the referendum failed.
The current Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe was the first to announce that he would to try to become the leader of the PQ, on May 11, 2007. Pauline Marois also said she was going to try to become leader, but Duceppe changed his mind on the 12th leaving Marois the only candidate. On June 26, 2007 Marois won the leadership. Pauline Marois is the current leader of the PQ. She has said that the PQ plans to have another referendum in the future. On September 4, 2012, Marois led her party to minority victory in the Quebec general election, thus becoming the first female premier in the province's history. After an electoral defeat in 2014, she resigned. The current leader of the PQ is Jean-François Lisée, elected in 2016.
Relationship with the Bloc Québécois[change | change source]
The Bloc Québécois is a federal political party in Canada that was made in 1990 by future PQ leader Lucien Bouchard. The Bloc also wants sovereignty for Québec. The two parties help each other during elections.
References[change | change source]
- "Speaking out: Quebec's debate over language laws". http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2009/10/22/f-quebec-language-laws-bill-101.html. Retrieved 08-07-2010.
- "Quebec remembers 1st referendum". http://www.cbc.ca/canada/montreal/story/2010/05/20/quebec-referendum-anniversary.html. Retrieved 08-07-2010.
- "Québec Referendum (1995)". http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=a1ARTA0010730. Retrieved 08-07-2010.
- "Duceppe tells the world Quebec will hold another sovereignty referendum". http://www.canada.com/news/Duceppe+tells+world+Quebec+will+hold+another+sovereignty+referendum/3144275/story.html. Retrieved 08-07-2010.