Parti Québécois

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Parti Québécois
LeaderPascal Bérubé (interim)
PresidentGabrielle Lemieux
Founded11 October 1968 (1968-10-11)
Merger ofMouvement Souveraineté-Association,
Ralliement national,
Rassemblement pour l'Indépendance Nationale
Headquarters1200, avenue Papineau
Suite 150
Montreal, Quebec
H2K 4R5
IdeologyQuebec nationalism[1]
Quebec sovereigntism
Social democracy[1][2][3][4]
Economic nationalism[5]
Political positionCentre-left[6][7][8]
ColoursBlue, green
Seats in the National Assembly
9 / 125

The Parti Québécois (PQ) is a political party that wants sovereignty for the province of Quebec. The party wants Quebec to become its own country, or secede from Canada.

History[change | change source]

The Parti Québécois, or PQ was founded by René Lévesque. PQ's main goals are to get independence for Québec. In the provincial election of 1976, the Parti Québécois was elected to the government of Québec for the first time and René Lévesque, became the premier of Quebec. Many French people in Québec were happy to see the Lévesque as premier, while many English people were not happy.[source?].

The PQ passed a bill called Bill 101. This bill is a law that makes French the languages used most in Quebec, even though English and French are the languages spoken in Canada.[9] The party was elected again in the 1981 election, but in November 1984 founder René Lévesque left the party and the PQ lost the 1985 election.

The Parti Québécois started the first Quebec referendum, having the citizens vote to decide to either leave Canada or stay a part of the country. 60 per cent of the people who voted decided to stay in Canada.[10] The PQ had a second referendum in 1995. The citizens once again voted to stay in Canada. The leader of the party, Jacques Parizeau, quit after the referendum failed.[11]

The current Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe was the first to announce that he would to try to become the leader of the PQ, on May 11, 2007. Pauline Marois also said she was going to try to become leader, but Duceppe changed his mind on the 12th leaving Marois the only candidate. On June 26, 2007 Marois won the leadership. Pauline Marois is the current leader of the PQ. She has said that the PQ plans to have another referendum in the future.[12] On September 4, 2012, Marois led her party to minority victory in the Quebec general election, thus becoming the first female premier in the province's history. After an electoral defeat in 2014, she resigned. The current leader of the PQ is Jean-François Lisée, elected in 2016.

Relationship with the Bloc Québécois[change | change source]

The Bloc Québécois is a federal political party in Canada that was made in 1990 by future PQ leader Lucien Bouchard. The Bloc also wants sovereignty for Québec. The two parties help each other during elections.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 How Political Parties Respond: Interest Aggregation Revisited. Routledge. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-134-27668-4. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  2. Rodney S. Haddow, Thomas Richard Klassen (2006). Partisanship, globalization, and Canadian labour market policy. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. p. 56. ISBN 9780802090904.
  3. Geoffrey Hale; Geoffrey E. Hale (2006). Uneasy Partnership: The Politics of Business and Government in Canada. University of Toronto Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-55111-504-7. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  4. Cecil Young (2004). One Canada. Trafford Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-4120-2235-4. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  5. CBC News (23–24 August 2018). "Where Quebec's parties stand on the issues that matter most to you". CBC News.
  6. Britannica Book of the Year (2013 ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2013. p. 402. ISBN 9781625131034. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  7. Banting, Keith; Myles, John (2013). Inequality and the Fading of Redistributive Politics. Vancouver: UBC Press. p. 385. ISBN 9780774826013. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  8. Bergo, Havard (16 October 2016). "New leader, new tactics for Quebec's Parti Québécois". Global Risk Insights. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  9. "Speaking out: Quebec's debate over language laws". Retrieved 08-07-2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  10. "Quebec remembers 1st referendum". Retrieved 08-07-2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. "Québec Referendum (1995)". Retrieved 08-07-2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  12. "Duceppe tells the world Quebec will hold another sovereignty referendum". Retrieved 08-07-2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

Other websites[change | change source]