Pico de Orizaba

Coordinates: 19°01′48″N 97°16′12″W / 19.03000°N 97.27000°W / 19.03000; -97.27000
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Pico de Orizaba
Aerial view of Volcano
Highest point
Elevation5,636 m (18,491 ft)[1]
Prominence4,922 m (16,148 ft)[2]
Parent peakMount Logan[3]
Isolation2,690 km (1,670 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
Coordinates19°01′48″N 97°16′12″W / 19.03000°N 97.27000°W / 19.03000; -97.27000
Pico de Orizaba is located in Mexico
Pico de Orizaba
Pico de Orizaba
LocationVeracruz, Mexico
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Volcanic arc/beltTrans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
Last eruption1846
First ascent1848 by F. Maynard & William F. Raynolds
Easiest routemoderate snow/ice climb

Pico de Orizaba, also known as: Citlaltépetl (in Nahuatl: Sitlaltepetl ‘estrella-monte-ABS’‘Monte de la Estrella), is a Mexican stratovolcano[4] located between the states of Puebla and Veracruz and is the highest mountain in Mexico and the third in North America, below Denali in Alaska and Mount Logan in Canada, and It is the highest volcano.[5][6][7][8][9]

Its last eruption was in 1846. Currently it is in a dormant state, it is the second highest volcanic peak in the world below Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, it is also the only volcano in the world with Frozen Lava inside.[10]

References[change | change source]

  1. The elevation given by INEGI mapping is 5,611 m. Higher elevations are given by various other authorities (including 5,747 m by the National Geographic Society).
  2. "Mexico Ultras". See also Note #1. Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  3. "Pico de Orizaba". Peakbagger.com.
  4. "An Altitude Tutorial". International Society for Mountain Medicine. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  5. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, ed. (2005). "Relieve - Puebla". Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  6. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI), ed. (2005). "Elevaciones principales - Puebla". Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022. {{cite web}}: |archive-date= / |archive-url= timestamp mismatch; 10 March 2012 suggested (help)
  7. "Cuáles son los tres volcanes más altos de América del Norte y América del Sur - Brainly.lat". brainly.lat (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  8. David Tuggy. "Istaktepetl - The Pico de Puebla". Archived from the original on 2020-02-17. Retrieved 2022-03-26.
  9. "Montañas más Prominentes del Mundo". Costa Rica Trekking. 2018-04-24. Archived from the original on 2021-02-01. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  10. "El Parque Nacional Pico de Orizaba se ubica en territorio del estado de Puebla, precisa el INEGI". Aristegui Noticias. Retrieved 25 March 2022.

Other websites[change | change source]