Pico de Orizaba

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Pico de Orizaba
PicoOrizaba.jpg
Aerial view of Volcano
Highest point
Elevation5,636 m (18,491 ft)[1]
Prominence4,922 m (16,148 ft)[2]
Parent peakMount Logan[3]
Isolation2,690 km (1,670 mi) Edit this on Wikidata
Listing
Coordinates19°01′48″N 97°16′12″W / 19.03000°N 97.27000°W / 19.03000; -97.27000Coordinates: 19°01′48″N 97°16′12″W / 19.03000°N 97.27000°W / 19.03000; -97.27000
Geography
Pico de Orizaba is located in Mexico
Pico de Orizaba
Pico de Orizaba
Mexico
LocationVeracruz, Mexico
Geology
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Volcanic arc/beltTrans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
Last eruption1846
Climbing
First ascent1848 by F. Maynard & William F. Raynolds
Easiest routemoderate snow/ice climb

Pico de Orizaba, also known as: Citlaltépetl (in Nahuatl: Sitlaltepetl ‘estrella-monte-ABS’‘Monte de la Estrella), is a Mexican stratovolcano[4] located between the states of Puebla and Veracruz and is the highest mountain in Mexico and the third in North America, below Denali in Alaska and Mount Logan in Canada, and It is the highest volcano in this latter.[5][6][7][8][9]

Its last eruption was in 1846 to remain currently in its dormant state, it is the second highest volcanic peak in the world below the Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, it is also the only volcano in the world with Frozen Lava inside.[10]

References[change | change source]

  1. The elevation given by INEGI mapping is 5,611 m. Higher elevations are given by various other authorities (including 5,747 m by the National Geographic Society).
  2. "Mexico Ultras". See also Note #1. Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  3. "Pico de Orizaba". Peakbagger.com.
  4. "An Altitude Tutorial". International Society for Mountain Medicine. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  5. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía, ed. (2005). "Relieve - Puebla". Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  6. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI), ed. (2005). "Elevaciones principales - Puebla". Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  7. "Cuáles son los tres volcanes más altos de América del Norte y América del Sur - Brainly.lat". brainly.lat (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  8. David Tuggy. "Istaktepetl - The Pico de Puebla".
  9. "Montañas más Prominentes del Mundo". Costa Rica Trekking. 2018-04-24. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  10. "El Parque Nacional Pico de Orizaba se ubica en territorio del estado de Puebla, precisa el INEGI". Aristegui Noticias. Retrieved 25 March 2022.

Other websites[change | change source]