Kilimanjaro (or Kilima Njaro, which means "shining mountain" in Swahili), formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Spitze, is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world, rising 4600 meters (15,000 ft) from the base, and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft). It gives a dramatic view from the surrounding plains. Almost 85% of the ice cover on Kilimanjaro disappeared from October 1912 to June 2011.
Kilimanjaro is also a strato-like volcano. It has explosive eruptions. The last major eruption was about 100,000 years ago.
Climbing and acclimatization[change | change source]
There are 6 routes up Kilimanjaro: Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Umbwe, Rongai and Northern Circuit.
Since there are big differences in height, climbers can feel highland sickness. 7-, 8- and 9-day routes are recommended (especially for beginners), as on them it will be easier to adapt to less oxygen in the air. The more time is spent being on the slope, the easier it is to acclimatize.
References[change | change source]
- NHK, "Kilimanjaro: White Mountain of the Equator -- Tanzania, 5,895 m"; retrieved 2012-5-24.
- "Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing". en.altezza.travel. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
- "High Altitude Acclimatization on Kilimanjaro | Climbing Tips for Beginners". Retrieved 2018-01-18.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Kilimanjaro at Wikimedia Commons