This article is about a World Heritage Site


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Comune di Pienza
Country Italy
Region Toscana
Province / Metropolitan city Siena (SI)
Frazioni Cosona, La Foce, Monticchiello, Palazzo Massaini, Spadaletto
 • Mayor Marco Del Ciondolo (since June 13, 2004)
 • Total 122 km2 (47 sq mi)
Elevation 491 m (1,611 ft)
Population (December 31, 2005)
 • Total 2,231
 • Density 18.29/km2 (47.36/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Pientini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 56026
Dialing code 0578
Patron saint St. Andrew the Apostle
Saint day November 30
Façade of the Cathedral of Pienza.
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Historic Centre of the City of Pienza
Location Province of Siena, Italy Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 43°04′43″N 11°40′44″E / 43.07861°N 11.67889°E / 43.07861; 11.67889
Area P2046
Criteria Cultural: i, ii, iv
Reference 789
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)
Pienza is located in Italy
Location of Pienza

Pienza, a town (it: commune) in the province of Siena, in the Val d'Orcia in Tuscany (central Italy), between the towns of Montepulciano and Montalcino, is the "touchstone of Renaissance urbanism."[1]

In 1996, UNESCO put the town his list as a World Heritage Site, and in 2004 the all valley, the Val d'Orcia, was put on the list of UNESCO's World Cultural Landscapes.

History[change | change source]

Pienza was rebuilt from a village called Corsignano, which was the birthplace (1405) of Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini (Italian: Enea Silvio Piccolomini), a Renaissance humanist born into an exiled Sienese family, who later became Pope Pius II. Once he became Pope, Piccolomini had the entire village rebuilt as an ideal Renaissance town. Intended as a retreat from Rome, it represents the first application of humanist urban planning concepts.The rebuilding was done by Florentine architect Bernardo Gambarelli (known as Bernardo Rossellino).

Important Places and Monuments in Pienza[change | change source]

Palazzo Piccolomini[change | change source]

The piazza is made by four buildings. The principal residence, Palazzo Piccolomini, is on the west side.

The Duomo[change | change source]

The Duomo (Cathedral), which dominates the center of the piazza, has a façade that is one of the earliest designed in the Renaissance manner. Artworks in the Duomo include five altar paintings from the Sienese School. The Baptistry, dedicated as usual to San Giovanni.

Palazzo Borgia[change | change source]

The Palazzo Borgia, on the third side of the piazza, was built as the palace to house the bishops who would travel to Pienza to attend the Pope. Inside the palace there is the Diocesan Museum, and the Museo della Cattedrale. The collection includes a lot of religious artifacts. Paintings include a 7th-century painting of Christ on the Cross (La Croce), 14th century works by Pietro Lorenzetti (Madonna with Child) and Bartolo di Fredi (Madonna della Misericordia). There are also important works from the 14th and 15th centuries, including a Madonna attributed to Luca Signorelli.

Palazzo Comunale[change | change source]

Across from the church is the town hall. Since Corsigniano was originally a village without a town governance, before the transformations there was no town hall. But when Corsigniano was given the status of an official city, a Palazzo Comunale was required. A third floor was added in 1599. The Palazzo Comunale was probably also designed by Rossellino.

Other buildings[change | change source]

  • Ammannati Palace
  • The Gonzaga Palace
  • The Palazzo del Cardinale Atrebatense
  • The Pieve of Corsignano, in the neighbourhood, is one of the most important Romanesque monuments of the area.
A view of Pienza

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  • Mack, Charles (1987). Pienza: the Creation of a Renaissance City. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 
  • Tönnesmann, Andreas (1990). Pienza: Städtebau und Humanismus. Munich: Hirmer. 
  • Pieper, Jan (1997). Pienza: der Entwurf einer humanistischen Weltsich. Stuttgart: Axel Menges. 

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Nicholas Adams, "The Acquisition of Pienza 1459-1464" The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 44.2 (May 1985), pp. 99-110. Adams details the piecemeal acquisition of parcels of land by Pius II.

Other websites[change | change source]