This article is about a World Heritage Site

San Gimignano

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
San Gimignano
Comune
Comune di San Gimignano
View of the town from the south
View of the town from the south
San Gimignano is located in Italy
San Gimignano
San Gimignano
Location of San Gimignano in Italy
Coordinates: 43°28′05″N 11°02′31″E / 43.468°N 11.042°E / 43.468; 11.042Coordinates: 43°28′05″N 11°02′31″E / 43.468°N 11.042°E / 43.468; 11.042
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province / Metropolitan city Siena (SI)
Government
 • Mayor Giacomo Bassi (PD)
Area
 • Total 138 km2 (53 sq mi)
Elevation 324 m (1,063 ft)
Population (January 1, 2014)
 • Total 7,768
 • Density 56.29/km2 (145.8/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sangimignanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 53037
Dialing code 0577
Patron saint St. Geminianus Saint Fina
Website Official website
Historic Centre of San Gimignano
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Piazza cisterna 01.jpg
Criteria Cultural: i, iii, iv
Reference 550
Inscription 1990 (14th Session)
Area 13.88 ha

San Gimignano is a small hill town in the province of Siena, Tuscany, Italy. San Gimignano is famous for the medieval towers, and for the wine, called "Vernaccia di San Gimignano".

History[change | change source]

San Gimignano was founded as a small village in about 1300 BC by the Etruscans. The city is named after Saint Geminianus, who defended it from Attila the Hun in the mid 5th century.

In medieval and Renaissance times, it was a stopping point for pilgrims on their way to Rome and the Vatican as it sits on the medieval via Francigena.

In 1199, during the period of its highest splendour, the city made itself independent from Volterra.

Important places[change | change source]

There are many churches in the town: the two main ones are the Collegiata, a cathedral, and Sant'Agostino.

The Communal Palace is now the home of San Gimignano Gallery. Hhere there are works by Pinturicchio, Benozzo Gozzoli, Filippino Lippi, Domenico di Michelino, Pier Francesco Fiorentino, and others.

The heart of the town contains the four squares, "Piazza della Cisterna", "Piazza Duomo", "Piazza Pecori", and "Piazza delle Erbe".

Culture[change | change source]

San Gimignano is the birthplace of the poet Folgore da San Gimignano (1270-1332).

Tea with Mussolini, a 1999 drama about English and American women in Italy during World War II, was filmed in part at San Gimignano.

Images[change | change source]

The Piazza della Cisterna