Pig

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Pig
A domestic pig on an organic farm in Solothurn, Switzerland
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Sus
Species: Sus scrofa

Pigs are mammals. Baby pigs are called piglets. Pigs can be eaten for food as pork, ham, and bacon. The Jewish and Muslim religions, and some Christian denominations, say that eating pork is wrong.

They are often pink, but small pigs kept as pets (pot-bellied pigs) are often other colors. Pigs often roll in mud to protect themselves from sunlight. Many people think that pigs are dirty and smell. In fact, they roll around in the mud to keep parasitic animals (such as little bugs and ticks) away from their skin. This also helps to keep their skin moist and lower their body temperature on hot days. They are omnivores, which means they eat anything that comes in their way. Because their eyes are on the sides of their heads, pigs cannot look up to the sky.[1]

Pigs are very intelligent animals. They can be taught to dance, hunt for truffles, race, pull carts and sniff out landmines.[2] They can even be taught to play video games.[2]

Care[change | edit source]

Pigs need a warm, clean area under a roof to sleep, and they should not be crowded. They need to be checked for sickness regularly. Stress can make them get sick more easily.

Pigs need lots of water. Over half their body weight is made up of water.[3] Pigs should be given all the feed they will eat, which is usually 4 to 5 pounds a day for adult pigs.[4] Corn is a good food for pigs, but they should also have protein supplements as well.

Where they are found[change | edit source]

Pigs are often found on farms throughout the world and can be popular pets. A new breed of micro pigs has become very popular but often piglets are misold as micro pigs and then grow to be too big. In places pigs are mass farmed to produce the best animal for meat. These meat farms are often overcrowded with pigs and conditions are really bad.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Brown, Augustus (2006). "Design Disasters: Mother Nature's Greatest Misses". Why pandas do handstands: and other curious truths about animals. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 259. ISBN 1416531904. http://books.google.com/books?id=OUderEB-8UkC&pg=PA259. "Pigs, for instance, have their eyes positioned on the sides of their heads, restricting their forward vision and making it physically impossible for them to look up into the sky."
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/qi/8912210/QI-Quite-interesting-facts-about-pigs.html The Telegraph, retrieved 05/12/2011.
  3. Pig Information, retrieved 15 Mar 2011.
  4. Getting Started with Pigs, retrieved 15 Mar 2011.