Plitvice Lakes

This article is about a World Heritage Site
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The waterfall Galovački buk at the Upper Lakes
Map of Plitvice Lakes National Park
View of the lakes on a satellite image
Paths between the lakes

Plitvice Lakes is a World Heritage Site and National Park in Croatia.[1] Waters flowing over the limestone and chalk have deposited minerals, and created natural dams. The result is a series of beautiful lakes, caves and waterfalls. The forests in the park are home to bears, wolves and many rare birds.[2]

Plitvice is the oldest national park in southeast Europe and the largest national park in Croatia.[3] It was founded in 1949 and is in the mountainous karst area of central Croatia, at the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.

In 1979, Plitvice Lakes was one of the first natural sites added to the UNESCO World Heritage register.[4] Each year, more than 900,000 visitors are recorded.[5]

The lakes are renowned for their distinctive colours, ranging from azure to green, grey or blue. The colours change constantly depending on the quantity of minerals or organisms in the water and the angle of sunlight.

Wildlife[change | change source]

Plants[change | change source]

The area includes forests, meadows and water plants; ecologically it ranges from Alpine to Mediterranean conditions. Of over 1,000 types of plant, 75 are endemic, found naturally only here, and 55 are species of orchids.

Animals[change | change source]

The park is home to a wide variety of animal and bird species. Rare fauna such as the European brown bear, wolf, eagle, owl, lynx, wild cat, capercaillie and many bats are there, with many more common species. 157 species of birds have been recorded, 70 of which nest in the area. 12 amphibian species and lizards, snakes and turtles are there also.

References[change | change source]

  1. Croatia was once part of Yugoslavia.
  2. UNESCO description 98
  3. There are seven other national parks in Croatia, as well as ten nature parks.
  4. UNESCO World Heritage, no. 98
  5. "Official visitor statistics for the year 2004". Archived from the original on 2009-03-28. Retrieved 2011-11-25.