President of the Philippines

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President of the Philippines
Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Seal of the President of the Philippines.svg
Flag of the President of the Philippines.svg
President Rodrigo Roa Duterte in Davao City 2.jpg
Incumbent
Rodrigo Duterte

since June 30, 2016
StyleMr. President (informal)
His Excellency (formal and in international correspondence)
Member ofCabinet
National Security Council
ResidenceMalacañan Palace
SeatManila, Philippines
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthSix years
Single term
Constituting instrument1987 Constitution of the Philippines
Inaugural holderEmilio Aguinaldo
(official)a
Manuel L. Quezon
(de jure)b
FormationJanuary 23, 1899
(official)[1]a
November 15, 1935
(de jure)[2]b
DeputyVice President of the Philippines
Salary399,739 per month / ₱4,796,868 per year
Websitewww.president.gov.ph op-proper.gov.ph

The President of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally known as Presidente ng Pilipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.

The President leads the executive branch of the Philippine government and is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The President is directly elected by the people, and is one of only two nationally elected executive officials, the other being the Vice President of the Philippines.

However, four vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having been elected to the office, such as by the death or resignation of an incumbent president.[note 1]

Filipinos refer to their President as Pangulo or Presidente. The President serves a single, fixed, six-year term without possibility of re-election. On June 30, 2016, Rodrigo Duterte was sworn in as the 16th and current president.

Eligibility[change | change source]

Article 7, Section 2 of the Constitution reads that in order to be eligible for President the person must:

  • Be a natural-born citizen of the Philippines
  • A registered voter
  • Able to read and write
  • At least forty years of age on the day of the election
  • A resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately before the election[3]

Living former presidents[change | change source]

As of May 2018, there are four living former Presidents:

Ramos Pentagon.jpg
Fidel V. Ramos
Served: 1992–1998
Age: 91
Josephestradapentagon.jpg
Joseph Estrada
Served: 1998–2001
Age: 82
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Served: 2001–2010
Age: 72
การหารือทวิภาคีระหว่างนายกรัฐมนตรี และประธานาธิบดีสาธา - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva CROP.jpg
Benigno Aquino III
Served: 2010–2016
Age: 59
Incumbent President Rodrigo Roa Duterte (center) with (from left) former Presidents Joseph Ejercito Estrada, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Fidel V. Ramos, and Benigno S. Aquino III, before the start of a National Security Council meeting at the Malacañang Palace on July 27, 2016.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The four vice presidents who succeeded to the presidency upon their predecessor's death or resignation and finished-out that unexpired term are: Sergio Osmeña (1944); Elpidio Quirino (1948); Carlos P. Garcia (1957); Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2001).

References[change | change source]

  1. "Emilio Aguinaldo". Official Gazette of the Philippine Government. March 22, 2011.
  2. Guevara, Sulpico, ed. (2005). The laws of the first Philippine Republic (the laws of Malolos) 1898–1899. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Library (published 1972). Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  3. 1987 Constitution of the Philippines, art. 7, sec. 2

Other websites[change | change source]