President of the Philippines

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President of the Philippines
Pangulo ng Pilipinas
Bongbong Marcos

since June 30, 2022
Member ofCabinet
National Security Council
ResidenceMalacañan Palace
SeatManila, Philippines
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthSix years;
Not renewable
Constituting instrument1987 Constitution of the Philippines
Inaugural holderEmilio Aguinaldo
Manuel L. Quezon
(de jure)b
FormationJanuary 23, 1899
November 15, 1935
(de jure)[2]b
DeputyVice President of the Philippines
Salary399,739 per month / ₱4,796,868 per year

The President of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally known as Presidente ng Pilipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.

The President leads the executive branch of the Philippine government and is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The President is directly elected by the people, and is one of only two nationally elected executive officials, the other being the Vice President of the Philippines.

However, four vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having been elected to the office, such as by the death or resignation of an incumbent president.[note 1]

Filipinos refer to their President as Pangulo or Presidente. The President serves a single, fixed, six-year term without possibility of re-election. On June 30, 2022, Bongbong Marcos was sworn in as the 17th and current president.

Eligibility[change | change source]

Article 7, Section 2 of the Constitution reads that in order to be eligible for President the person must:

  • Be a natural-born citizen of the Philippines
  • A registered voter
  • Able to read and write
  • At least forty years of age on the day of the election
  • A resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately before the election[3]

List[change | change source]

Living former presidents[change | change source]

As of April 2024, there are three living former Presidents:

Joseph Estrada
Served: 1998–2001
Age: 86
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Served: 2001–2010
Age: 77
Rodrigo Duterte
Served: 2016–2022
Age: 79

The most recent president to die was Fidel V. Ramos (served 1992–1998), on July 31, 2022, at the age of 94.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The four vice presidents who succeeded to the presidency upon their predecessor's death or resignation and finished-out that unexpired term are: Sergio Osmeña (1944); Elpidio Quirino (1948); Carlos P. Garcia (1957); Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2001).

References[change | change source]

  1. "Emilio Aguinaldo". Official Gazette of the Philippine Government. March 22, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  2. Guevara, Sulpico, ed. (2005). The laws of the first Philippine Republic (the laws of Malolos) 1898–1899. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Library (published 1972). Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  3. 1987 Constitution of the Philippines, art. 7, sec. 2

Other websites[change | change source]