Prime Minister of Estonia

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariigi peaminister
Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
Kaja Kallas (crop).jpg
Incumbent
Kaja Kallas

since 26 January 2021
Member ofEuropean Council
ResidenceStenbock House, Tallinn
AppointerPresident of Estonia
Term lengthNo term limits. Parliamentary elections held every four years.
Inaugural holderKonstantin Päts
Formation24 February 1918
Salary€5,288 monthly[1]
Websitehttp://valitsus.ee/

The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: peaminister, literally Main Minister or Head Minister) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia. The prime minister is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Parliament.

The current Prime Minister is Kaja Kallas of the Reform Party.

List of prime ministers (since 1990)[change | change source]

Portrait Name Term of office Political party Cabinet Riigikogu
(Election)
Separate
head of state
Took office Left office Days
2nd Soviet Occupation
(See Estonian Government in Exile)
Edgar Savisaar 2005-crop.jpg Edgar Savisaar
(b. 1950)
1st Prime Minister
of the Interim Government
3 April 1990
[Note 1]
29 January 1992 668 Popular Front of Estonia
(ERR)
[Note 2]
Estonian People's Centre Party
(ERKE)
Savisaar Interim
various coalition partners
Supreme
Soviet
(1990)

[Note 3]
Chairman of the
Supreme Soviet
Chairman of the
Supreme Council

Arnold Rüütel
[Note 3]
Tiit Vähi teisel Arvamusfestivalil Narvas.jpg Tiit Vähi
(b. 1947)
2nd Prime Minister
of the Interim Government
29 January 1992 21 October 1992 266 None Vähi Interim
various coalition partners
President
Lennart Georg Meri
(1992–2001)
[Note 4]
9 Mart Laar.png Mart Laar
(b. 1960)
9th Prime Minister
21 October 1992 8 November 1994 749 Pro Patria
(I)
[Note 5]
Pro Patria National Coalition Party
(RKEI)
Laar I

IMERSP
RKEIMERSP
RKEIMERSPELDP
RKEIMERSP–(ELDP)
RKEIMERSPELDP
[Note 6]
[Note 7]

VII
(1992)
10 Andres Tarand 12.4.2012.jpg Andres Tarand
(b. 1940)
10th Prime Minister
8 November 1994 17 April 1995 161 Moderates
(M)
[Note 6]
Tarand
MRKEIERSPELDPVKRE
[Note 6]
11 Tiit Vähi teisel Arvamusfestivalil Narvas.jpg Tiit Vähi
(b. 1947)
11th Prime Minister
(2nd term)
17 April 1995 6 November 1995 701 Coalition Party and
Country People's Alliance

(KMÜ)
Vähi I
KMÜEKE
VIII
(1995)
6 November 1995 17 March 1997 Vähi II
KMÜERE
KMÜ
KMÜ–AP
[Note 8]
12 Siimann Mart.IMG 2960.JPG Mart Siimann
(b. 1946)
12th Prime Minister
17 March 1997 25 March 1999 739 Coalition Party and
Country People's Alliance

(KMÜ)
Siimann
KMÜ–AP
13 Mart Laar.png Mart Laar
(b. 1960)
13th Prime Minister
(2nd term)
25 March 1999 28 January 2002 1,041 Pro Patria Union
(IL)
Laar II
ILRMERE
IX
(1999)
President
Arnold Rüütel
(2001–2006)
[Note 4]
14 Kallas Siim.IMG 3350.JPG Siim Kallas
(b. 1948)
14th Prime Minister
28 January 2002 10 April 2003 438 Reform Party
(ERE)
S. Kallas
EREEKE
15 Juhan-Parts.jpg Juhan Parts
(b. 1966)
15th Prime Minister
10 April 2003 12 April 2005 735 Res Publica Party
(RP)
Parts
RPEREERL
X
(2003)
16 Portrait Andrus Ansip.jpg Andrus Ansip
(b. 1956)
16th Prime Minister
12 April 2005 5 April 2007 3,271 Reform Party
(ERE)
Ansip I
EREEKEERL
President
Toomas Hendrik Ilves
(2006–2016)
[Note 4]
5 April 2007 6 April 2011 Ansip II
EREIRLSDE
EREIRL
[Note 9]
XI
(2007)
6 April 2011 26 March 2014 Ansip III
EREIRL
XII
(2011)
17 RE Taavi Rõivas.jpg Taavi Rõivas
(b. 1979)
17th Prime Minister
26 March 2014 9 April 2015 973 Reform Party
(ERE)
Rõivas I
ERESDE
9 April 2015 23 November 2016 Rõivas II
ERESDEIRL
XIII
(2015)
President
Kersti Kaljulaid
(2016–incumbent)
18 KE Jüri Ratas.jpg Jüri Ratas
(b. 1978)
18th Prime Minister
23 November 2016 29 April 2019 1525 Centre Party
(EKE)
Ratas I
EKESDEIRL
EKESDEI
[Note 10]
29 April 2019 26 January 2021 Ratas II
EKEEKREI
XIV
(2019)
19 Kaja Kallas (crop).jpg Kaja Kallas
(b. 1977)
19th Prime Minister
26 January 2021 Incumbent 296 Reform Party
(ERE)
Kallas
EREEKE

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR on 30 March 1990 declared Soviet rule to have been illegal since 1940 and declared a transition period for full independence. Full independence was restored on 20 August 1991.
  2. The Popular Front of Estonia formed the Estonian People's Centre Party on 12 October 1991.
  3. 3.0 3.1 The "Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic" was renamed the "Republic of Estonia" on 8 May 1990 and thus the translation of the Ülemnõukogu was changed from "Supreme Soviet" to "Supreme Council".
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 President left the party upon assuming office.
  5. The electoral alliance "Pro Patria" formed the Pro Patria National Coalition Party on 21 November 1992.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 The electoral alliance "Moderates" (M) consisted of the Social Democratic Party (ESDP) and the Estonian Rural Centre Party (EMKE).
  7. The Estonian Liberal Democratic Party (ELDP) joined the coalition on 11 January 1994. Its ministers resigned on 21 June 1994, but the party decided to remain in the coalition and named a minister on 27 June 1994.
  8. The Estonian Reform Party (ERE) left the coalition on 1 December 1996. The Progress Party (AP) joined the coalition on 9 December 1996.
  9. The Social Democratic Party (SDE) left the coalition on 21 May 2009.
  10. The Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica was renamed Party Pro Patria on 2 June 2018.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Riigikogu liikmete ja teiste kõrgemate riigiteenijate palk ei muutu". Postimees. 15 March 2017.