Prime Minister of Estonia

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariigi peaminister
Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
KE Jüri Ratas.jpg
Incumbent
Jüri Ratas

since 23 November 2016
Member ofEuropean Council
ResidenceStenbock House, Tallinn
AppointerPresident of Estonia
Term lengthGeneral elections to the Riigikogu are held every four years at most. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the victorious party. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Inaugural holderKonstantin Päts
Formation24 February 1918
Salary€5,288 monthly[1]
Websitehttp://valitsus.ee/

The Prime Minister of Estonia (Estonian: peaminister, literally Main Minister or Head Minister) is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia. The prime minister is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Parliament.

The current Prime Minister is Jüri Ratas of the Centre Party.

List of Prime Ministers (since 1990)[change | change source]

Portrait Name Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Riigikogu
(Election)
Separate
Head of State
Took Office Left Office Days
2nd Soviet Occupation
(See Estonian Government in Exile)
Edgar Savisaar 2005-crop.jpg Edgar Savisaar
(1950– )
1st Prime Minister of the Interim Government
3 April 1990
[Note 1]
29 January 1992 668 Popular Front
(RR)
Savisaar Interim
various coalition partners
Supreme
Council
(1990)

[Note 2]
Chairman of the
Supreme Council

Arnold Rüütel
Tiit Vähi teisel Arvamusfestivalil Narvas.jpg Tiit Vähi
(1947– )
2nd Prime Minister of the Interim Government
29 January 1992 21 October 1992 266 None Vähi Interim
various coalition partners
Mart Laar.png Mart Laar
(1960– )
9th Prime Minister
21 October 1992 8 November 1994 749 Fatherland
(I)
Laar I
IMERSP
IM–ERSP–L
VII
(1992)
President
Lennart Georg Meri
(1991-2001)
Andres Tarand 12.4.2012.jpg Andres Tarand
(1940– )
10th Prime Minister
8 November 1994 17 April 1995 161 Moderates
(M)
Tarand
MIERSPLP
Tiit Vähi teisel Arvamusfestivalil Narvas.jpg Tiit Vähi
(1947– )
11th Prime Minister
(2nd term)
17 April 1995 17 March 1997 701 Coalition Party's and
Country People's Alliance

(KMÜ)
Vähi I
KMÜK
VIII
(1995)
Vähi II
KMÜER
KMÜ–AP
Siimann Mart.IMG 2960.JPG Mart Siimann
(1946– )
12th Prime Minister
17 March 1997 25 March 1999 739 Coalition Party's and
Country People's Alliance

(KMÜ)
Siimann
KMÜ–AP
Mart Laar.png Mart Laar
(1960– )
13th Prime Minister
(2nd term)
25 March 1999 28 January 2002 1,041 Pro Patria Union
(IL)
Laar II
ILRMRE
IX
(1999)
President
Arnold Rüütel
(2001-2006)
Kallas Siim.IMG 3350.JPG Siim Kallas
(1948– )
14th Prime Minister
28 January 2002 10 April 2003 438 Reform Party
(ER)
Kallas
ERK
Juhan-Parts.jpg Juhan Parts
(1966– )
15th Prime Minister
10 April 2003 12 April 2005 735 Res Publica Party
(RP)
Parts
RPERERL
X
(2003)
Portrait Andrus Ansip.jpg Andrus Ansip
(1956– )
16th Prime Minister
12 April 2005 26 March 2014 3,271 Reform Party
(ER)
Ansip I
ERKERL
President
Toomas Hendrik Ilves
(2006-2016)
Ansip II
ERIRLSDE
ERIRL
XI
(2007)
Ansip III
ERIRL
XII
(2011)
RE Taavi Rõivas.jpg Taavi Rõivas
(1979– )
17th Prime Minister
26 March 2014 23 November 2016 973 Reform Party
(ER)
Rõivas I
ERSDE
Rõivas II
ERSDEIRL
XIII
(2015)
President
Kersti Kaljulaid
(2016-)
KE Jüri Ratas.jpg Jüri Ratas
(1978– )
18th Prime Minister
23 November 2016 Incumbent 1422 Centre Party
(K)
Ratas
KSDEIRL
Ratas II
KEKREI
XIV
(2019)

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The Supreme Council of the Estonian SSR on 30 March 1990 declared Soviet rule to have been illegal since 1940 and declared a transition period for full independence. Full independence was restored on 20 August 1991.
  2. Elections were for the "Supreme Soviet", but the translation of the assembly name was changed before the Interim Government was sworn in, on 29 March 1990.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Riigikogu liikmete ja teiste kõrgemate riigiteenijate palk ei muutu". Postimees. 15 March 2017.