Types of princes[change | change source]
The title of "prince" is different depending on the country. Each royal family has its own rules saying who is called a prince.
Crown Prince[change | change source]
Most of the time, the crown prince is the son of a king but can also be a close relative if the king has no children.
In addition, the siblings of a crown prince can also be called princes or princesses, even though they are not the heir to the throne. The siblings often continue to be called "prince" and "princess" even after the crown prince becomes king.
Prince Consort[change | change source]
A prince consort is the title of the husband of a Ruling Queen in many monarchies.
Unlike kings, whose wives are called queens, the husband of a ruling Queen is called a prince.
This is because historically, the title of "king" is seen as a higher rank than queen. Because the Queen Regnant is the monarch of her country, nobody can be given a "higher" title. For this reason, her husband is called a prince consort.
Some countries, however, do allow the husband of a queen to be titled "king consort". But this is very rare.
Sovereign Prince[change | change source]
The most famous principality is Monaco. This is because throughout Monaco's history, they were always allied with a country much larger and more powerful. For this reason, the rulers of Monaco did not call themselves kings and queens.