Prince Andrew, Duke of York

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Military career
Prince Andrew
Duke of York (more)
Andrew standing at a lectern speaking
The Duke of York in 2013
Born (1960-02-19) 19 February 1960 (age 61)
Buckingham Palace, London
Sarah Ferguson
(m. 1986; div. 1996)
Full name
Andrew Albert Christian Edward Mountbatten-Windsor[a]
FatherPrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
MotherElizabeth II
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service1979–2001 (active service)
RankVice Admiral
Battles/warsFalklands War

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, GCVO, CD, ADC(P) (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He has been titled Duke of York since 1986, and is eighth in line to the succession to the throne of the United Kingdom.

Life[change | change source]

Prince Andrew was born at Buckingham Palace in London. He went to Heatherdown Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, and Gordonstoun in Scotland. Prince Andrew did not go to university, he went to Britannia Royal Naval College instead. In the Navy, he served in the Falklands War, and continued his career, becoming a commander in 1999 and an honorary captain in 2001.

In 1986, Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson, the younger daughter of Ronald Ferguson, the polo manager for the Prince of Wales. They have two daughters from the marriage: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Andrew and Sarah separated in 1992, and divorced in May 1996.

In November 2019, Prince Andrew was interviewed for the BBC television programme Newsnight on 16 November 2019. The interviewer talked about the Prince's friendship with the convicted child sex offender Jeffrey Epstein before he died. The interview was very bad for the British royal family, because many people who saw the interview thought Prince Andrew was unsympathetic to Epstein's victims.[2][3] As of 20 November, he has no official royal duties.[4]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]

Titles and styles[change | change source]

Styles of
HRH The Duke of York
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign.svg
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
  • 19 February 1960 – 23 July 1986: His Royal Highness The Prince Andrew
  • 23 July 1986 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of York

Prince Andrew's current full style is His Royal Highness The Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward, Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, Baron Killyleagh, Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Personal Aide-de-Camp to The Queen.

Honours[change | change source]

Military[change | change source]

Honorary military appointments[change | change source]

He holds the following military appointments:


 New Zealand

 United Kingdom

Arms[change | change source]

Prince Andrew's coat of arms.

The Duke's personal coat of arms are those of the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with a label for difference: Quarterly (by quarters):

1st and 4th, Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or (England). (The first and fourth quarters display the three lions, representing England.)
2nd quarter is of a lion rampant within a Double Tressure floury counterflory Gules (Scotland). (The second quarter, displays a red lion in a yellow field with a double border coloured red, this represents Scotland.)
3rd, Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland). (The third quarter shows a harp against a blue background, this represents Ireland.)

The whole differenced by a Label of three points Argent the central point charged with an Anchor Azure. The anchor is in reference to his naval career.

The arms are identical to those his grandfather George VI used when still Duke of York.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Andrew does not usually use a surname but when one is needed, it is Mountbatten-Windsor.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Royal Family name". Official website of the British monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  2. Adam, Karla (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew's Epstein interview roundly panned: 'nuclear explosion level bad'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  3. Lewis, Aimee (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew sparks near-universal condemnation with TV interview". CNN. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  4. Quinn, Ben (20 November 2019). "Prince Andrew to step back from public duties 'for foreseeable future'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  5. "No. 56951". The London Gazette. 2 June 2003. p. 6753.
  6. "No. 59705". The London Gazette. 21 February 2011. p. 3089.
  7. "Honours of the Crown". Archived from the original on 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2008-09-28.