Prince Andrew, Duke of York

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Prince Andrew
Duke of York (more)
Andrew standing at a lectern speaking
The Duke of York in 2013
Born (1960-02-19) 19 February 1960 (age 64)
Buckingham Palace, London
Sarah Ferguson
(m. 1986; div. 1996)
Full name
Andrew Albert Christian Edward Mountbatten-Windsor[a]
FatherPrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
MotherElizabeth II
ReligionChurch of England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service1979–2001 (active service)
Battles/warsFalklands War

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, GCVO, CD (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.

He has been titled Duke of York (as well as Earl of Inverness and Baron Killyleagh) since 1986, and is eighth in line to succession to the British throne. Andrew is the first in line to not be a descendant of the current reigning monarch.

As Duke of York, Andrew undertook official duties and engagements on behalf of the Queen. He served as the UK's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment for 10 years until July 2011. Andrew resigned from his royal duties in November 2019.[2][3][4]

Early life[change | change source]

Prince Andrew was born at Buckingham Palace in London. He went to Heatherdown Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, and Gordonstoun in Scotland.

Military career[change | change source]

Prince Andrew did not go to university, he went to Britannia Royal Naval College instead. In the Navy, he served in the Falklands War, despite controversy due to the possibility amongst Parliament of the Queen’s son losing their life. He became a commander in 1999 and an honorary captain in 2001.

Marriage and children[change | change source]

In 1986, Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson, the younger daughter of Ronald Ferguson, the polo manager for the Prince of Wales. They have two daughters from the marriage: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Andrew and Sarah separated in 1992, and divorced in May 1996. Their marriage, separation in 1992, and divorce in 1996 attracted extensive media coverage.

Controversy[change | change source]

Andrew has been accused of child sexual abuse by Virginia Giuffre (née Roberts) who alleges that, at the age of 17, she was sex-trafficked to Andrew by financier and convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.[5] Andrew categorically denied said allegation.[6]

In November 2019, Prince Andrew was interviewed for the BBC television programme Newsnight on 16 November 2019. The interviewer talked about the Prince's friendship with the convicted child sex offender Jeffrey Epstein; They met thru Ghislaine Maxwell.[7] The interview was very bad for the British royal family, because many people who saw the interview thought Prince Andrew was unsympathetic to Epstein's victims.[8][9]

Due to sexual abuse allegations, Andrew resigned from public roles in 2020. Andrew was the defendant in a sexual assault lawsuit by Giuffre in 2022, which Andrew settled out of court in February.[10]

Lawsuit and its end (2022)[change | change source]

On February 15, 2022 a lawsuit against Andrew, was settled; The lawsuit never went to trial.[11][12][13] Andrew [was] a defendant in a lawsuit - Virginia Giuffre v. Prince Andrew - at the lower courts of the federal court system of the United States. The civil lawsuit (see civil law), says that he had sex in 2001[14] with a female (Virginia Giuffre) that was 17 years old;[15] Prince Andrew "has strongly denied any wrongdoing", media said.[16]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]

In 2022, he gave back his honorary military titles and royal patronages.[16] He has the rank Vice-Admiral.

Titles and styles[change | change source]

Royal monogram
  • 19 February 1960 – 23 July 1986: His Royal Highness The Prince Andrew
  • 23 July 1986 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of York
  • In Scotland His Royal Highness The Earl of Inverness
  • In Northern Ireland Baron of Killyleagh

Honours[change | change source]

Ranks in the military[change | change source]

Appointments[change | change source]

He had military appointments:

Honorary military appointments[change | change source]

In Canada he holds the following military appointments:

An earlier[27] appointment was Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada.

In New Zealand he had military appointments:

In the UK he had military appointments:

Arms[change | change source]

Prince Andrew's coat of arms.

The Duke's personal coat of arms are those of the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with a label for difference: Quarterly (by quarters):

1st and 4th, Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or (England). (The first and fourth quarters display the three lions, representing England.)
2nd quarter is of a lion rampant within a Double Tressure floury counterflory Gules (Scotland). (The second quarter, displays a red lion in a yellow field with a double border coloured red, this represents Scotland.)
3rd, Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland). (The third quarter shows a harp against a blue background, this represents Ireland.)

The whole differenced by a Label of three points Argent the central point charged with an Anchor Azure. The anchor is in reference to his naval career.

The arms are identical to those his grandfather George VI used when still Duke of York.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Andrew does not usually use a surname but when one is needed, it is Mountbatten-Windsor.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Royal Family name". Official website of the British monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  2. "Prince Andrew stepping back from royal duties". BBC News. November 20, 2019. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  3. Landler, Mark (December 2, 2019). "Prince Andrew's Accuser Takes Her Case to the BBC". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  4. Quinn, Ben (20 November 2019). "Prince Andrew to step back from public duties 'for foreseeable future'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  5. "What are the allegations against Prince Andrew?". The Sun. 2022-02-15. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  6. "Prince Andrew again denies having sex with Epstein victim". AP NEWS. 2021-04-20. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  7. "As it happened: Prince Andrew's Interview". BBC News. 16 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  8. Adam, Karla (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew's Epstein interview roundly panned: 'nuclear explosion level bad'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  9. Lewis, Aimee (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew sparks near-universal condemnation with TV interview". CNN. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  10. "Prince Andrew settles US civil sex assault case with Virginia Giuffre". BBC News. 2022-02-15. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  11. Bangkok Post. Retrieved March 9, 2022. "Both parties filed a "stipulation of dismissal" of the case in federal court in New York, which was signed by Judge Lewis Kaplan on Tuesday"
  12. Weiser, Benjamin (February 15, 2022). "Prince Andrew Settles Sexual Abuse Lawsuit With Virginia Giuffre". New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  13. "Prince Andrew settles US civil sex assault case". BBC News. February 15, 2022. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  14. Taylor, Sammi (November 10, 2019). "'I was trafficked to billionaires, politicians, even royalty'". Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  15. "Dommer avviser ikke søksmålet mot prins Andrew". 12 January 2022.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Retrieved 13 January 2022
  17. "No. 56951". The London Gazette. 2 June 2003. p. 6753.
  18. "No. 59705". The London Gazette. 21 February 2011. p. 3089.
  19. "Honours of the Crown". Archived from the original on 2007-12-21. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
  20. "The Duke of York – Naval Career". The Duke of York official website. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  21. "No. 56295". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 7 August 2001. p. 9327.
  22. "No. 57705". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 19 July 2005. p. 9323.
  23. "No. 59341". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 23 February 2010. p. 3085.
  24. Cite error: The named reference :5 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  25. "No. 61160". The London Gazette (2nd supplement). 3 March 2015. p. 3798.
  26. "Honours and Decorations". The Duke of York. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 "Prince Andrew loses military titles and use of HRH". BBC News. 13 January 2022.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Born: 19 February 1960
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Princess Lilibet of Sussex
Succession to the British throne
8th in line
Followed by
Princess Beatrice