Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, GCVO, CD, ADC(P) (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He has been titled Duke of York since 1986, and is eighth in line to the succession to the throne of the United Kingdom.
Prince Andrew was born at Buckingham Palace in London. He went to Heatherdown Preparatory School in Berkshire, England, and Gordonstoun in Scotland. Prince Andrew did not go to university, he went to Britannia Royal Naval College instead. In the Navy, he served in the Falklands War, and continued his career, becoming a commander in 1999 and an honorary captain in 2001.
In 1986, Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson, the younger daughter of Ronald Ferguson, the polo manager for the Prince of Wales. They have two daughters from the marriage: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Andrew and Sarah separated in 1992, and divorced in May 1996.
In November 2019, Prince Andrew was interviewed for the BBC television programme Newsnight on 16 November 2019. The interviewer talked about Andrew's friendship with the convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein before he died. The interview was very bad for the British royal family, because many people who saw the interview thought Prince Andrew was unsympathetic to Epstein's victims. As of 20 November, he has no official royal duties.
Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]
Titles and styles[change | change source]
HRH The Duke of York
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- 19 February 1960 – 23 July 1986: His Royal Highness The Prince Andrew
- 23 July 1986 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of York
- in Scotland: May 2007: His Grace The Lord High Commissioner
Prince Andrew's current full style is His Royal Highness The Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward, Duke of York, Earl of Inverness, Baron Killyleagh, Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Personal Aide-de-Camp to The Queen.
Honours[change | change source]
- CVO: Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, 19 December 1979
- KCVO: Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, 3 June 2003
- GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 21 February 2011
- South Atlantic Medal, with rosette, 1982
- ADC(P): Personal Aide-de-Camp to The Queen, 1 February 1984
- Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal, 1977
- New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal, 1990
- Canadian Forces Decoration
- Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal, 2002
- Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan, 2005
- KG: Knight of the Garter, 23 April 2006
Military[change | change source]
- Sub-Lt, 1981-1983: Pilot, 820 NAS on HMS Invincible (including activity in the Falklands War)
- 1983-1984: Conversion to Lynx at RNAS Portland
- Lt, 1984-1986: Promoted to Lieutenant; pilot, 815 NAS on HMS Brazen
- 1987-1989: Helicopter Warfare Instructor, 702? NAS at RNAS
- 1989-1991: Flight commander, 829 NAS on HMS Campbeltown
- Lt Cdr, 1992-1993: Army Command and Staff Course; promoted to Lieutenant-Commander
- 1993-1994: Captain, HMS Cottesmore
- 1994-1996: Senior Pilot, 815 NAS at RNAS Portland
- 1997-1999: Directorate of Naval Operations, MOD
- Cdr, 1999-2001: Promoted to Commander; appointed to Diplomacy Section of the Naval Staff
- Capt, 2005: Promoted to Captain (honorary)
Honorary military appointments[change | change source]
He holds the following military appointments:
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Canadian Airborne Regiment (disbanded)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess Louise Fusiliers
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
- Colonel-in-Chief of the 9th/12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Regiment (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th and Ulster Defence Regiment)
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Small Arms School Corps
- Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot)
- Royal Colonel of the Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland
- Honorary Air Commodore of the Royal Air Force Lossiemouth.
- Commodore-in-Chief of the Fleet Air Arm
- Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps
Arms[change | change source]
- 1st and 4th, Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or (England). (The first and fourth quarters display the three lions, representing England.)
- 2nd quarter is of a lion rampant within a Double Tressure floury counterflory Gules (Scotland). (The second quarter, displays a red lion in a yellow field with a double border coloured red, this represents Scotland.)
- 3rd, Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland). (The third quarter shows a harp against a blue background, this represents Ireland.)
The whole differenced by a Label of three points Argent the central point charged with an Anchor Azure. The anchor is in reference to his naval career.
The arms are identical to those his grandfather George VI used when still Duke of York.
References[change | change source]
- Adam, Karla (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew's Epstein interview roundly panned: 'nuclear explosion level bad'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- Lewis, Aimee (17 November 2019). "Prince Andrew sparks near-universal condemnation with TV interview". CNN. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
- Quinn, Ben (20 November 2019). "Prince Andrew to step back from public duties 'for foreseeable future'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- "No. 56951". The London Gazette. 2 June 2003. p. 6753.
- "No. 59705". The London Gazette. 21 February 2011. p. 3089.
- Honours of the Crown