Order of the Garter

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Emblem of Order of the Garter

The Most Noble Order of the Garter is an English order of chivalry. It was started in 1348, by King Edward III of England. The Order is the highest level of knighthood that can be given by the English monarch. It is the world's oldest national order of knighthood.[1] Membership in the Order is limited to those people who have done many great things for the United Kingdom.

Queen Elizabeth II in robe of Order of the Garter

The Order of the Garter is made up of a very small number of people. This group includes the Sovereign (the King or Queen of Britain) and no more than 25 full members. These members are called "Companions". Male companions are called "Knight Companions". Female members are called "Lady Companions". There are also a number of extra members known as "Supernumerary" Knights and Ladies. These members are usually members of the British royal family, and monarchs of other countries.

The monarch alone can grant membership to the order.[2] He or she is known as the Sovereign of the Garter, and the Prince of Wales is known as a Knight Companion of the Garter.[3]

Knights of the Order use the post-nominal letters (KG) and Ladies of the Order (LG). Knights Companion can use the title "Sir" before their first name, and their wives can use the title "Lady" before their surnames. Ladies Companion can use the title "Lady" before their first name, but their husbands cannot use any title.

Current Members[change | change source]

Knights and Ladies Companion:

  1. The Lord Bramall KG GCB OBE
  2. The Lord Sainsbury of Preston Candover KG
  3. The Lord Ashburton KG KCVO
  4. Sir Timothy Colman KG
  5. The Duke of Abercorn KG
  6. The Lord Inge KG GCB
  7. Sir Antony Acland KG GCMG GCVO
  8. The Lord Butler of Brockwell KG GCB CVO PC
  9. The Lord Morris of Aberavon KG PC QC
  10. Sir John Major KG CH PC
  11. The Lord Luce KG GCVO PC
  12. Sir Thomas Dunne KG KCVO
  13. The Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers KG PC
  14. The Lord Boyce KG GCB OBE
  15. The Lord Stirrup KG GCB
  16. The Baroness Manningham-Buller LG DCB
  17. The Lord King of Lothbury KG GBE
  18. The Lord Shuttleworth KG KCVO
  19. Sir David Brewer KG CMG CVO
  20. Lady Mary Fagan LG DCVO
  21. The Viscount Brookeborough KG
  22. Lady Mary Peters LG CH DBE
  23. The Marquess of Salisbury KG KCVO
  24. Sir Tony Blair

Royal Knights and Ladies Companion:

  1. The Duke of Kent KG GCMG GCVO
  2. The Princess Royal KG KT GCVO QSO
  3. The Duke of Gloucester KG GCVO
  4. Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy KG GCVO
  5. The Duke of York KG GCVO
  6. The Earl of Wessex KG GCVO
  7. The Duke of Cambridge KG KT PC

References[change | change source]

  1. "Order of the Garter". Royal.gov. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  2. Oonagh Gay (20 March 2006). "Honours Standard Note: SN/PC/2832" (PDF). United Kingdom Parliament. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2006. Retrieved 7 November 2006.
  3. "College of St George – Windsor Castle – Orders of Chivalry". College of St George – Windsor Castle. Retrieved 4 June 2010.