A monarch is the ruler of a monarchy. Monarchs usually get their power by inheritance – from one of their parents. When a ruler dies their child, or nearest relative, takes over. A male monarch is usually called a king or emperor. A female monarch is usually called a queen or empress.
Monarchs were very common in history until the 19th century. Most European countries had monarchs in past centuries, but no longer have them. Some countries that still have monarchs have other leaders that actually have the power. Some countries elect their monarch instead of using inheritance, like the Holy Roman Empire and Malaysia.
Monarchs can also have monarchs of lower honour below them, e.g. an Empire could include several kingdoms, and a kingdom had several duchies or principalities, nations would rarely include all titles, usually going from duchy to kingdom instead of duchy to principality to kingdom. Prince/Princess means 'Ruler of a Principality' and 'son of king/queen'. Some other languages have separate words for them.
|Grand Principality||Grand Prince||Grand Princess|
|Archduchy||Arch Duke||Arch Duchess|
|Grand Duchy||Grand Duke||Grand Duchess|
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "the Holy Roman Empire". www.heraldica.org. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- "Explained: Malaysia is the world's only monarchy of its kind. Here's why". The Indian Express. 2019-08-03. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
Other websites[change | change source]
|The Simple English Wiktionary has a definition for: monarch.|