Propene

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Propene
Skeletal formula of propene
Propene-2D-flat.png
Propylene.png
Propylene
Names
IUPAC name
Propene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.693
KEGG
PubChem {{{value}}}
RTECS number UC6740000
UN number 1077
In Liquefied petroleum gas: 1075
SMILES {{{value}}}
Properties
C3H6
Molar mass 42.08 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless gas
Density 1.81 kg/m3, gas (1.013 bar, 15 °C)
613.9 kg/m3, liquid
Melting point −185.2 °C (−301.4 °F; 88.0 K)
Boiling point −47.6 °C (−53.7 °F; 225.6 K)
0.61 g/m3
Viscosity 8.34 µPa·s at 16.7 °C
Structure
0.366 D (gas)
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards Highly flammable,
Asphyxiant
NFPA 704

NFPA 704.svg

4
1
1
 
R-phrases 12
S-phrases 9-16-33
Flash point −108 °C
Related compounds
Related groups Allyl, Propenyl
Related compounds Propane, Propyne
Propadiene, 1-Propanol
2-Propanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Propene is an organic compound. The substance is also known as propylene and has the formula C3H6. It is the second-simplest alkene. Since it is only made of hydrogen and carbon atoms, it is a hydrocarbon. At room temperature and normal pressure it is a gas.

Uses[change | change source]

Propene is produced from fossil fuels, and from coal. Propene is the second most important product used in the petrochemical industry, after ethene. About two thirds are used to produce polypropylene. Propene and benzene are converted to acetone and phenol via the cumene process. Propene is also used to produce isopropanol (propan-2-ol), acrylonitrile, propylene oxide (epoxypropane) and epichlorohydrin.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. Budavari, Susan, ed. (1996). "8034. Propylene". The Merck Index, Twelfth Edition. New Jersey: Merck & Co. pp. 1348–1349.